This study aims to develop a strategy for the European photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing sector, focused on tailored PV products, knowledge-intensive parts of the value chain and the commercialisation of novel technologies. Such a strategy could be implemented by a set of nine measures that target demand, supply, research, development and innovation (RD&I) and trade related aspects.
This study notes the impressive contribution that solar is making to job and wealth creation in Europe today and in the future. Although the European Photovoltaic sector has been severely challenged in terms of installed capacities and turnover since 2011-2012, the sector continues to prove its socio-economic value in Europe, both in terms of job creation and Gross Value Added (GVA). This study also assesses the impacts of the anti-dumping measures (minimum import prices and annual import quotas) set by the European Commission on the import of solar modules and cells.
This report puts forward a series of suggested policy changes that could be beneficial, both at EU and national level, to allow the adoption of new solar business models, lower the cost of capital and increase deployment in a lower subsidy environment.
This document explains the roles and responsibilities of various stakeholders such as the asset manager, the operation service provider and the maintenance provider, and provides an overview of technical and contractual terms to achieve a common understanding of the subject. It then walks the reader through the different components of O&M, classifying requirements into ‘minimum requirements’, ‘best practices’ and ‘recommendations’.
The Renewable Energy Unit of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre has been involved in research on estimating the solar resource and mapping the geographical variability of solar irradiation and solar energy system performance. This research has produced digital maps describing the performance of PV systems of various types. Some of these data are available online in this webpage.
A set of computational tools and climatic data, named PVMAPS, which allows to calculate solar radiation and photovoltaic system power on inclined and/or sun-tracking surfaces over large geographical areas at arbitrarily high spatial resolution. Calculations of solar radiation and photovoltaic performance are done using validated models published in the scientific literature. The software has been implemented as modules in open-source Geographical Information System (GIS). The accompanying data set includes information about elevation, horizon height, average temperatures, solar radiation (direct and diffuse components) as well as data to calculate the effects of wind and spectral variations on PV performance. The geographical extent of the data at present includes Europe, Africa and most of Asia. All tools and data are freely available at no cost.
This report presents sales and impact data covering July 1 to December 31, 2017, reflecting the performance of 67 affiliates working in this vibrant sector. Moreover, data is currently collected only on Pico-PV products and Solar Home System (SHS) kits. This data report offers a uniquely detailed and robust snapshot of the development of the sector. The sales data collected for the present report seems to confirm that the market is back on a solid growth path, especially in the Pico-PV segment, mainly due to localized shocks in several key markets such as the demonetization in India and the drought across East Africa.
‘Powering Opportunity: The Economic Impact of Off-grid Solar’ provides powerful insights into the benefits of off-grid solar power. This research provides quantifiable evidence that, for a majority of households, solar home systems are being used to power enterprise and unlock working hours – with many reporting an immediate increase in income.
This guide reflects GOGLA, World Bank/IFC Lighting Global Program, U.S. Government-led Power Africa initiative, Sustainable Energy for All and African Development Bank shared views with regards to key policy and regulatory issues in the standalone, oﬀ-grid solar sector.
This iteration of the Market Trends Report reviews the evolution in the preceding years around six topic areas: market fundamentals, sales, the competitive landscape, finance, the enabling environment, and impact. It then provides projections on likely trends in the market for the coming five years, and provides a blueprint for how actors in this market can be competitive.
This publication discusses the development potential of solar district heating in the People’s Republic of China. It explores the significant potential of solar district heating to accelerate the integration of renewable energy into heating systems in the PRC. This will be important in promoting low-carbon cities and reducing urban air pollution. The study highlights that solar district heating (SDH) can provide high efficiency and reliability as well as environmental benefits.
This report shows that about half a billion people can be cost-effectively provided with electricity through mini grids. The combination of falling costs, dramatic increase in the quality of service and favorable enabling environments have made modern mini grids a scalable option to complement grid extension and solar home systems. The report takes stock of the global mini grid market and industry, analyzes in detail the solar-hybrid mini grid costs and technological innovations, shows the importance of introducing income-generating machinery and micro-finance early in the planning process and provides policy makers, investors and developers with insights on how mini grids can be scaled up.
The report focuses on the ability to attract commercial investors and lenders, without analysis of the financing terms. The scope is limited to utility-scale, grid-connected projects because of the risk concentration inherent to large projects and the importance of large-scale investments in clean energy for the transition toward low carbon development pathways.
This report presents the projects that were selected for funding in the framework of the CfP «Innovative solutions for off-grid access to energy». These project aim to develop technological, organizational and business models innovations that are likely to ensure a decrease of the solutions' costs and a stronger involvement and appropriation by the concerned populations.
Ce document présente les projets sélectionnés à l'issue de l'appel à projets « Solutions innovantes pour l'accès à l'énergie hors réseaux ». ces derniers illustrent les innovations technologiques, organisationnelles ou relatives aux modèles d'affaires qui sont susceptibles d'assurer une baisse des coûts des solutions et une plus forte appropriation par les populations concernées.
Cette étude permet d'évaluer le gisement photovoltaïque potentiel des sites délaissées et artificialisées en France métropolitaine et en Corse, par la mise en place d'une méthode spécifique basées sur les inventaires de données nationaux.
This report provides a full synopsis of the energy dimension of the twelve renewable sectors (wind power, photovoltaic, solar thermal, small hydropower, geothermal energy, heat pumps, biogas, biofuels, renewable urban waste, solid biomass, CSP and ocean energy) now developed at an industrial scale within the EU.
Phase I of Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM), with a capacity target of 1 GW, was positioned as a first step in India’s ambitious journey toward 20 GW of capacity addition by the end of Phase III of the JNNSM by 2022. This study looks at the lessons learned and challenges of Phase I of the JNNSM, and lays out issues identified as critical by most stakeholders, which require closer attention and resolution.
This paper considers the design and performance of auction mechanisms used to deploy renewable energy in three emerging economies: Brazil, China, and India. The analysis focuses on the countries’ experience in various dimensions, including price reductions, bidding dynamics, coordination with transmission planning, risk allocation strategies, and the issue of domestic content.
The objective of this study is to evaluate the experience of IPPs and to identify lessons that can help African countries attract more and better private investment. This report highlights not only the challenges that policy makers are facing but also the underlying factors that contributed to healthy investment climates. The analysis is based primarily on in-depth case studies carried out in five countries—Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda.
The solar industry was estimated to add record capacity of 130-135 GW in 2020. However, Covid-19 has caused unprecedented turmoil across the world. Wide-scale suspension of economic activity, supply chain disruption and employee health concerns have created supply and demand shocks across the energy sector. The challenge for governments, policy makers and private sector players is to manage this period of uncertainty and plan for the future.
ThIs webinar presents the latest analysis of the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on solar markets and opportunities for a green recovery..
This Webinar, developed in partnership with the INES and EACREEE, first provides a global solar market overview focused on fostering the understanding of technical and economic data available in the market, and then closely examines the East African energy context, including the technical, regulatory, institutional and financial aspects of the Solar PV market, as well as the key challenges to scaling up the technology’s uptake in the region.
This roadmap pathway is focusing on the standardized and cost optimal solutions to integrate solar thermal technology in all industrial processes, by developing collector structures adapted to industrial buildings, improved large-scale solar collector arrays, and new planning and design tools.
This publication tries to provide guidelines for policy and framework conditions related to solar heating and cooling, in particular solar water heating. It aims at providing a quick overview of the main issues to be considered for setting the right framework for the promotion of the solar thermal technology. Therefore, it outlines key recommendations and guidelines for the implementation of a programme for the promotion of solar water heating.
This guide aims at explaining the relevance of quality assurance for a sustainable market development, besides providing an overview of quality assurance measures applied to solar thermal products and installations around the world. It also indicates some possible steps in order to set up a quality assurance system in a country.
This report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) explores the prospects for renewables, including solar energy to enhance national economies and strengthen the Southeast Europe energy mix. It analyses the current energy landscape, the potential and costs for scaling up renewables, the policy frameworks and investments required, and the expected socio-economic impact of transforming the region’s energy system.
This report examines renewable District Heating and Cooling potential up to 2030, based on three main technology pathways. The baseline “Reference Case” builds on current national energy plans in nine countries (China, Denmark, Germany, Poland, Switzerland, Japan, the United States, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates). The “REmap” case includes rapid scale-up within planned DHC capacity. The third pathway, “Structural Shift”, assumes expanded DHC capacity, with new networks fed entirely by renewables.
The present report outlines the role of solar photovoltaic (PV) power in the transformation of the global energy system based on IRENA’s climate resilient pathway (remap case), specifically the growth in solar PV power deployment that would be needed in the next three decades to achieve the Paris climate goals.
The AURES Auction Academy was wrapped up with an online debate focusing on pros and cons of auctions for renewable energy compared with other European support systems, on recommendations on auction design based on experiences in the countries analysed so far, on key recommendations to utilities working with tenders and auctions for the first time, on effects on prices of renewable energy so far and on interesting findings in the AURES research and dialogue with stakeholders.
This webinar will give practioners more hands-on information on the design of RES auctions, focusing on pre-qualification rules and penalties. The two elements are closely related in that they are, amongst other things, used to enhance the ‘seriousness’ of bids and improve realisation rates. We will present the different design alternatives and arguments for and against using each of the features. Furthermore, we will give an overview of current practices for both design elements implementations for RES support in Europe and the rest of the world.
Cette étude a pour objectif de proposer une stratégie de soutien au développement de la filière photovoltaïque en France pour la période 2016-2020.
Le présent rapport dresse un état des lieux des coûts des installations photovoltaïques de moyenne et grande puissance (de 100 kWc à 30 MWc) développées dans le cadre des appels d’offres en métropole continentale.
Ce rapport présente les résultats du volet qualitatif du suivi dumarché français des systèmes photovoltaïques dans le résidentiel.
L’objectif de ce guide est de permettre au lecteur de mieux comprendre comment développer, financer, construire et exploiter avec succès des centrales solaires PV marchandes. Il cible les promoteurs de projets entrant sur le marché, et est destiné à être une source de référence pour les entrepreneurs, les investisseurs, les décideurs publics et autres parties prenantes travaillant sur des projets PV sur les marchés émergents.
The government of Korea has unveiled a plan to help the PV industry reduce the cost of solar panels from around $0.23/W to $0.10/W by 2030. The plan also aims to reach module efficiencies of around 24% – up to 35% for multi-junction cells – by the end of the next decade.
This webinar is mostly directed towards investors and project developers that are engaged in bidding in RES auctions. We will go through different behavioural incentives, depending on auction format and pricing rule and describe the most common bidding strategies. We will assess these bidding strategies, e.g. in terms of rationality. We will then present do’s and don’ts for bidding in a RES auction.
Le financement de l’irrigation à énergie solaire peut représenter une opportunité pour les organismes de financement qui cherchent à diversifier leur portefeuille de prêts et à élargir leur gamme de produits financiers. Le module INVESTIR porte sur les caractéristiques produits des prêts ayant pour objet les systèmes d’irrigation à énergie solaire (SPIS) et présente le financement direct destiné par les organismes de financement à un emprunteur final ayant une exploitation agricole petite ou moyenne. Le module précise également en quoi il diffère du financement des systèmes d’irrigation conventionnels. Il fournit également des conseils aux prestataires de services financiers qui financent déjà des systèmes d’irrigation à énergie solaire ou qui prévoient de le faire.
Le module S’INFORMER fournit aux conseillers agricoles et aux prestataires de services financiers des informations essentielles pour comprendre le principe de fonctionnement d’un système d’irrigation à énergie solaire (SPIS) et identifier les différents éléments de ce dernier. Ce module décrit tout d’abord comment les différentes configurations des éléments sont susceptibles d’influer sur la performance de l’ensemble du système. Le module S’INFORMER permettra aux prestataires de services agricoles et financiers d’aider les utilisateurs potentiels d’un SPIS en leur fournissant des informations actualisées sur les avantages et les inconvénients de cette technologie et sur les différents éléments qui la compose.
This guide touches upon how the off-grid solar sector is defined, what kind of companies operate within as well as their business models, what kinds of investment opportunities are available and some key considerations for new investors in the sector.
This report recommends policy changes, business models as well as financing instruments for the expansion of rooftop solar power in India.
Les notions nécessaires pour l’étude et la conception des installations photovoltaïques sont recueillies dans ce document, en apportant d’information théorique, d’exercices et d’exemples pratiques.
Cette étude présente les principaux enjeux environnementaux associés à la filière de l’énergie solaire.
This report consists of three distinct tasks, which examines the role of CSP and other solar plus storage technologies in providing grid services spanning timescales from seconds to decades
This report examines the evolution of solar PV simulators, from single-rooftop assessments at the household level to large-scale, aggregate-level analyses undertaken by municipal authorities and other large entities. The report also highlights the growing range of accessible, free online solar simulators.
Photovoltaic solar energy (PV) is expected to play a key role in the future global sustainable energy system. It has demonstrated impressive developments in terms of the scale of deployment, cost reduction and performance enhancement, most visibly over the past decade. In this paper it is argued, however, that in view of actual developments in PV over the past few decades there are good reasons to adopt another approach, that does more justice to the role and potential of existing and new PV concepts and technologies.
Solar photovoltaic (solar PV) electricity has recently become the lowest cost source of electricity in most parts of the world. Solar PV supports a socially just and acceptable energy transition and integrated applications, as well as new business opportunities. This report is focusing on one of these new business opportunities. It aims at describing the added value of Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) for a successful energy transition in European cities, as well as the related opportunities for EU businesses. It describes the regulatory and market framework needed for sustainable business models for BIPV, that are adapted to city planning constraints and specificities.
This guide aims at promoting solar water heating (SWH) systems to architects and builders from developing countries and help them consider integrating SWH applications in their designs. Intending to be a useful handbook, this “Quick Guide” provides a compact overview of the technology and its main characteristics; as well as the main requirements to be considered for its application in different types of projects and in different geographical locations.
This webinar will give practioners the first hands-on information on the design of RES auctions. Here, we will go through the selecting of adequate auction formats and pricing rules for RES auctions. We base our recommendations on the ongoing theoretical and experimental analysis work currently undertaken by auction experts in the AURES project. We will show how the selection of the appropriate design depends on specific policy goals and market conditions in a country. We also present how certain designs may score in terms of different success criteria (such as effectiveness, efficiency, socio-political feasibility and more), and what trade-offs and synergies may arise between criteria.
This report provides an operational analysis of 2030 that includes spatially disaggregated, hourly commitment and dispatch modeling. Our modeling includes constraints on transmission, unit-specific costs and operating constraints, and hourly, weekly and seasonal inter-temporal constraints that have not been previously analyzed.
This latest Global Off-Grid Solar Market Report presents sales and impact data for July to December 2018, reflecting the performance of 84 companies, which are GOGLA members and companies that sell Lighting Global quality-verified products. This report provides sales data for solar lanterns, multi-light systems and solar home systems (SHS) in 46 countries.
This report provides insights into the social and economic impact of off-grid solar. It follows the “Powering Opportunity: The Economic Impact of Off-Grid Solar” report which highlighted the domino effect solar home systems (SHS) are having on household economic activity, creating income and improving quality of life. This latest report confirms those findings, sheds new light on how this impact evolves over time, and explores how economic activity equates to full time equivalent (FTE) employment.
The goal of the report is to give an overview of the general trends, to highlight special applications and outstanding projects and to document the solar thermal capacity installed in the important markets worldwide. Furthermore, it is the goal to ascertain the contribution of solar thermal systems to the supply of energy and the CO2 emissions avoided as a result of operating these sys tems.
Ce site permet aux utilisateurs de surveiller leurs installations photovoltaïque, vérifier les devis d'installation et d'estimer leur production photovoltaïque. Il contient aussi une base de données comportant les statistiques sur le photovoltaïque telles que la production par région, une carte interactive des installations existantes par région ou département, par installateur, par panneaux ou par onduleurs.
Cet outil accessible gratuitement permet de comparer différents modes de valorisation de l’électricité photovoltaïque, afin de vérifier les hypothèses d’une offre commerciale et opérer un choix éclairé entre vente de la totalité, vente du surplus et autoconsommation sans vente. Il offre aux porteurs de projet, surtout non sachants, un aperçu de l’équilibre économique d’une installation photovoltaïque. Il permet aussi aux professionnels de mieux conseiller leurs clients sur le choix à faire entre les différents modèles de financement et de raccordement.