EMHIRES applies an innovative approach trying to reproduce wind and solar power time series at both national and regional levels covering the whole Europe with a homogeneous methodology avoiding the use of artificial or on-purpose tuned correction factors. EMHIRES is able to capture the variability of wind and solar energy, in particular peaks and ramps, in a much more accurate way than previous meteorologically derived time series. The purpose is to develop an ab-initio methodology for wind and solar power production simulation and apply homogeneously to all Europe. The methodology has provided results ranging between good and excellent for all countries for which reliable TSOs data are available, regardless their sometimes huge geographical diversity. Using EMHIRES for power system analysis will increase the accuracy of generation adequacy assessments, renewable energy integration studies and market studies for flexibility technologies such as storage. This report details the second part of EMHIRES, covering solar energy production.
The project covered six European countries (incl. Germany, France, Great Britain, Italy, Austria, Spain) and Turkey. Private investors and decision makers in banks and insurance companies were introduced to the new business models, allowing them to include these results in their decision process as regards new investments. The project also assessed what political framework for the application of new financing models is required and which barriers slow the PV expansion.
A fast-growing solar power industry in India's Rajasthan will soon be transmitting up to 8,000 megawatts of renewable energy to the national grid. The Government of India, the Asian Development Bank and the Clean Technology Fund are supporting this effort through the $800 million Rajasthan Renewable Energy Transmission Investment Program, which is also providing livelihood opportunities for local communities.
Launched in 2013, IRENA’s Global Atlas for Renewable Energy is an initiative aimed at facilitating access to data, analysis, and tools for assessing renewable energy resource potentials. The Global Atlas for Renewable Energy is a web platform that allows its users to find maps of renewable energy resources for locations across the world. Users can access maps via an online platform that presents data graphically in a map-based format. The Global Atlas contains maps for solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, and marine energy. The online platform also includes a number of integrated tools that allow users to, for example, generate wind statistics, estimate the electrical output of a proposed solar PV project, or view solar time series data.
The PV Status Report provides comprehensive and relevant information on this dynamic sector for the interested public, as well as decision-makers in policy and industry. IN particular, the report provides an overview of the market in (a) Europe, the Russian Federation and Turkey, (b) Asia and Pacific region, (c) AMericas and (d) Africa. It also analyzes Electricity costs and the economics of PV systems and offers a presentation of the PV manufacturing industry.
This technical report by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) provides information abou the Future costs of low carbon energy technologies, including also photovoltaics and solar tehrmal electricity technologies. The report presents internally consistent trajectories of capital investment costs to 2050 for selected low carbon energy technologies. In order to do so, it combines global scenario projections of technology deployment with the one-factor learning rate method. Global scenarios are used to identify a range, based on potential deployment, in line with baseline assumptions and two long-term decarbonisation pathways. A sensitivity analysis is performed based on different learning rates and results are compared with literature. It is found that, depending on the technology, a 15 % to 55 % reduction in capital investment costs of offshore wind turbines, photovoltaics, solar thermal electricity and ocean energy may be achieved by 2030 compared to 2015.
This study assesses the impact of materials on the competitiveness of the EU’s clean energy technology industry, taking into account several factors such as security and concentration of materials supply, price volatility, cost intensity in the technology, etc. These factors, together with the EU’s resilience to potential materials supply disruptions and mitigation possibilities, have been analysed for three technologies, namely wind turbines, solar PV panels and batteries. Wind power was found to be the most vulnerable technology in relation to materials supply, followed by solar PV and batteries.
The project aims at demonstrating and introducing into the market key enabling technologies to improve predictability and flexibility of a Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) plant with molten salt energy storage. These technologies are the design and operation of molten salt once-through steam generator, allowing fully flexible plant operation and an integrated weather forecast and dispatch optimization, allowing fully predictable energy dispatch. CSP will undergo large growth in developing markets, where grid constraints and market liberalization will play a role. Developing these key-enabling technologies will put European industries in the position to compete at the forefront in the market worldwide.
This research project scope aims at the definition of an ECRIA (European Common Research and Innovation Agenda) engaging major European research institutions with activities on Solar Heat for Industrial Processes (SHIP) into an integrated structure to consolidate existing EU and national resources.
INSHIP aims to develop coordinated R&D activities (TRLs 2-5) with the ambition of progressing SHIP beyond the state-of-the-art through:
- An easier integration of low and medium temperature technologies suiting the operation, durability and reliability requirements of industrial end users
- Expanding the range of SHIP applications to the EI sector through the development of suitable process embedded solar concentrating technologies
- Overcoming the present barrier of applications only in the low and medium temperature ranges
- Increasing the synergies within industrial parks through centralized heat distribution networks and exploiting the potential synergies of these networks with district heating and with the electricity grid.
This research project aims to develop a revolutionary innovation in water management of Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) plants, a more flexible integrated solution comprising different innovative technologies and optimized strategies for the cooling of the power-block and the cleaning of the solar field optical surface. The integrated solution provides an effective combination of technologies allowing a significant reduction in water consumption (up to 70% - 90%) and a significant improvement in the water management of CSP plants.
Ce rqpport présente les leçons tirées du projet d’électrification par énergies renouvelables des localités d’Ambondro, région Androy, et d’Analaptsy, région Anosy, à l’extrême sud de Madagascar.
Les notions nécessaires pour l’étude et la conception des installations photovoltaïques sont recueillies dans ce document, en apportant d’information théorique, d’exercices et d’exemples pratiques.
Etude de ca portant sur l'un des tous premiers projets de centrales solaires photovoltaïques à grande échelle en Afrique de l'Ouest qui a démontré la faisabilité de la technologie au Cabo Verde et dans la région.
This report explains how IRENA approached the challenges of data collection and the methodologies used to produce the estimates of off-grid energy production and use. A brief overview of the data collected, followed by detailed tables of the off-grid data by country, technology and year is provided.
This report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) explores the prospects for renewables, including solar energy to enhance national economies and strengthen the Southeast Europe energy mix. It analyses the current energy landscape, the potential and costs for scaling up renewables, the policy frameworks and investments required, and the expected socio-economic impact of transforming the region’s energy system.
This new report finds an overwhelming majority (97%) of people living with a solar home system in West Africa report quality of life improvements as they feel safer, healthier and children have more time to study.
Ce rapport explore comment les kits solaires permettent aux foyers en Afrique de l’Ouest de développer leur activité économique, d’augmenter leurs revenus et d’améliorer leur qualité de vie.
This report examines renewable District Heating and Cooling potential up to 2030, based on three main technology pathways. The baseline “Reference Case” builds on current national energy plans in nine countries (China, Denmark, Germany, Poland, Switzerland, Japan, the United States, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates). The “REmap” case includes rapid scale-up within planned DHC capacity. The third pathway, “Structural Shift”, assumes expanded DHC capacity, with new networks fed entirely by renewables.
Swiss-headquartered firm Meeco has signed a cooperation agreement with Malagasy company Groupe Filatex to build solar projects in Madagascar, starting with two large-scale projects of 7MW and 8MW capacity and one hybrid solar-diesel project comprising of two 500kW parts.
Uruguay has decided to power its Antarctic base with solar power. Marcelo Mula, executive director at the installer Tecnogroup, explains the challenges as the company prepares to upscale the test array to 100kW in 2019
The solar industry was estimated to add record capacity of 130-135 GW in 2020. However, Covid-19 has caused unprecedented turmoil across the world. Wide-scale suspension of economic activity, supply chain disruption and employee health concerns have created supply and demand shocks across the energy sector. The challenge for governments, policy makers and private sector players is to manage this period of uncertainty and plan for the future.
ThIs webinar presents the latest analysis of the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on solar markets and opportunities for a green recovery..
This Webinar, developed in partnership with the INES and EACREEE, first provides a global solar market overview focused on fostering the understanding of technical and economic data available in the market, and then closely examines the East African energy context, including the technical, regulatory, institutional and financial aspects of the Solar PV market, as well as the key challenges to scaling up the technology’s uptake in the region.
This roadmap pathway is focusing on the standardized and cost optimal solutions to integrate solar thermal technology in all industrial processes, by developing collector structures adapted to industrial buildings, improved large-scale solar collector arrays, and new planning and design tools.
This publication tries to provide guidelines for policy and framework conditions related to solar heating and cooling, in particular solar water heating. It aims at providing a quick overview of the main issues to be considered for setting the right framework for the promotion of the solar thermal technology. Therefore, it outlines key recommendations and guidelines for the implementation of a programme for the promotion of solar water heating.
This guide aims at explaining the relevance of quality assurance for a sustainable market development, besides providing an overview of quality assurance measures applied to solar thermal products and installations around the world. It also indicates some possible steps in order to set up a quality assurance system in a country.
The present report outlines the role of solar photovoltaic (PV) power in the transformation of the global energy system based on IRENA’s climate resilient pathway (remap case), specifically the growth in solar PV power deployment that would be needed in the next three decades to achieve the Paris climate goals.
The AURES Auction Academy was wrapped up with an online debate focusing on pros and cons of auctions for renewable energy compared with other European support systems, on recommendations on auction design based on experiences in the countries analysed so far, on key recommendations to utilities working with tenders and auctions for the first time, on effects on prices of renewable energy so far and on interesting findings in the AURES research and dialogue with stakeholders.
This webinar will give practioners more hands-on information on the design of RES auctions, focusing on pre-qualification rules and penalties. The two elements are closely related in that they are, amongst other things, used to enhance the ‘seriousness’ of bids and improve realisation rates. We will present the different design alternatives and arguments for and against using each of the features. Furthermore, we will give an overview of current practices for both design elements implementations for RES support in Europe and the rest of the world.
Cette étude a pour objectif de proposer une stratégie de soutien au développement de la filière photovoltaïque en France pour la période 2016-2020.
Le présent rapport dresse un état des lieux des coûts des installations photovoltaïques de moyenne et grande puissance (de 100 kWc à 30 MWc) développées dans le cadre des appels d’offres en métropole continentale.
Ce rapport présente les résultats du volet qualitatif du suivi dumarché français des systèmes photovoltaïques dans le résidentiel.
L’objectif de ce guide est de permettre au lecteur de mieux comprendre comment développer, financer, construire et exploiter avec succès des centrales solaires PV marchandes. Il cible les promoteurs de projets entrant sur le marché, et est destiné à être une source de référence pour les entrepreneurs, les investisseurs, les décideurs publics et autres parties prenantes travaillant sur des projets PV sur les marchés émergents.
The government of Korea has unveiled a plan to help the PV industry reduce the cost of solar panels from around $0.23/W to $0.10/W by 2030. The plan also aims to reach module efficiencies of around 24% – up to 35% for multi-junction cells – by the end of the next decade.
This webinar is mostly directed towards investors and project developers that are engaged in bidding in RES auctions. We will go through different behavioural incentives, depending on auction format and pricing rule and describe the most common bidding strategies. We will assess these bidding strategies, e.g. in terms of rationality. We will then present do’s and don’ts for bidding in a RES auction.
Le financement de l’irrigation à énergie solaire peut représenter une opportunité pour les organismes de financement qui cherchent à diversifier leur portefeuille de prêts et à élargir leur gamme de produits financiers. Le module INVESTIR porte sur les caractéristiques produits des prêts ayant pour objet les systèmes d’irrigation à énergie solaire (SPIS) et présente le financement direct destiné par les organismes de financement à un emprunteur final ayant une exploitation agricole petite ou moyenne. Le module précise également en quoi il diffère du financement des systèmes d’irrigation conventionnels. Il fournit également des conseils aux prestataires de services financiers qui financent déjà des systèmes d’irrigation à énergie solaire ou qui prévoient de le faire.
Le module S’INFORMER fournit aux conseillers agricoles et aux prestataires de services financiers des informations essentielles pour comprendre le principe de fonctionnement d’un système d’irrigation à énergie solaire (SPIS) et identifier les différents éléments de ce dernier. Ce module décrit tout d’abord comment les différentes configurations des éléments sont susceptibles d’influer sur la performance de l’ensemble du système. Le module S’INFORMER permettra aux prestataires de services agricoles et financiers d’aider les utilisateurs potentiels d’un SPIS en leur fournissant des informations actualisées sur les avantages et les inconvénients de cette technologie et sur les différents éléments qui la compose.
This guide touches upon how the off-grid solar sector is defined, what kind of companies operate within as well as their business models, what kinds of investment opportunities are available and some key considerations for new investors in the sector.
This report recommends policy changes, business models as well as financing instruments for the expansion of rooftop solar power in India.
Cette étude présente les principaux enjeux environnementaux associés à la filière de l’énergie solaire.
This report consists of three distinct tasks, which examines the role of CSP and other solar plus storage technologies in providing grid services spanning timescales from seconds to decades
This report examines the evolution of solar PV simulators, from single-rooftop assessments at the household level to large-scale, aggregate-level analyses undertaken by municipal authorities and other large entities. The report also highlights the growing range of accessible, free online solar simulators.
Photovoltaic solar energy (PV) is expected to play a key role in the future global sustainable energy system. It has demonstrated impressive developments in terms of the scale of deployment, cost reduction and performance enhancement, most visibly over the past decade. In this paper it is argued, however, that in view of actual developments in PV over the past few decades there are good reasons to adopt another approach, that does more justice to the role and potential of existing and new PV concepts and technologies.
Solar photovoltaic (solar PV) electricity has recently become the lowest cost source of electricity in most parts of the world. Solar PV supports a socially just and acceptable energy transition and integrated applications, as well as new business opportunities. This report is focusing on one of these new business opportunities. It aims at describing the added value of Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) for a successful energy transition in European cities, as well as the related opportunities for EU businesses. It describes the regulatory and market framework needed for sustainable business models for BIPV, that are adapted to city planning constraints and specificities.
This report aims to provide up-to-date, verified data on the range of costs, recent technology trends, projections of the cost reduction potentials and performance of solar PV, CSP and onshore and offshore wind power generation technologies and support the government with the latest data about the expected cost reduction potential of these technologies.
This report aims to provide up-to-date, verified data on the range of costs and performance of solar PV in Africa for SHS, mini-grids (hybrid or 100% PV) and utility-scale projects, provide an analysis of the current cost structure of solar PV systems, identify best practice cost levels and structures in different market segments and increase solar PV technologies as an option for grid supply and as a means of accelerating electrification in Africa.
The IRENA’s regular PV cost and competitiveness indicators will highlight the growing competitiveness of rooftop solar PV and its potential to economically meet the electricity needs of households in different markets, as well as its potentially disruptive nature for utilities. Also, compares solar PV costs to electricity rates. The aim is to help policy makers track the rapid improvements in the competitiveness of renewables.
This iteration of the Market Trends Report reviews the evolution in the preceding years around six topic areas: market fundamentals, sales, the competitive landscape, finance, the enabling environment, and impact. It then provides projections on likely trends in the market for the coming five years, and provides a blueprint for how actors in this market can be competitive.
‘Powering Opportunity: The Economic Impact of Off-grid Solar’ provides powerful insights into the benefits of off-grid solar power. This research provides quantifiable evidence that, for a majority of households, solar home systems are being used to power enterprise and unlock working hours – with many reporting an immediate increase in income.
This report presents sales and impact data covering July 1 to December 31, 2017, reflecting the performance of 67 affiliates working in this vibrant sector. Moreover, data is currently collected only on Pico-PV products and Solar Home System (SHS) kits. This data report offers a uniquely detailed and robust snapshot of the development of the sector. The sales data collected for the present report seems to confirm that the market is back on a solid growth path, especially in the Pico-PV segment, mainly due to localized shocks in several key markets such as the demonetization in India and the drought across East Africa.
A set of computational tools and climatic data, named PVMAPS, which allows to calculate solar radiation and photovoltaic system power on inclined and/or sun-tracking surfaces over large geographical areas at arbitrarily high spatial resolution. Calculations of solar radiation and photovoltaic performance are done using validated models published in the scientific literature. The software has been implemented as modules in open-source Geographical Information System (GIS). The accompanying data set includes information about elevation, horizon height, average temperatures, solar radiation (direct and diffuse components) as well as data to calculate the effects of wind and spectral variations on PV performance. The geographical extent of the data at present includes Europe, Africa and most of Asia. All tools and data are freely available at no cost.
The Renewable Energy Unit of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre has been involved in research on estimating the solar resource and mapping the geographical variability of solar irradiation and solar energy system performance. This research has produced digital maps describing the performance of PV systems of various types. Some of these data are available online in this webpage.
The Global Solar Atlas supports solar power development in the phases of exploration, prospection, site selection and pre-feasibility evaluation. The aim of this Global Solar Atlas is to provide quick and easy access to solar resource data globally through GIS layers and poster maps at global, regional and country level. The Atlas provides long-term averages of solar resource (global, diffuse and direct normal), the principal climate phenomena that determines solar power generation.
The Photovoltaic Geographical Information System (PVGIS) is developed and maintained by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission. It provides a set of free online interactive tools and solar data and maps covering Europe, Africa and several Asian countries.
Available interactive tools allow for the assessment of: