EMHIRES applies an innovative approach trying to reproduce wind and solar power time series at both national and regional levels covering the whole Europe with a homogeneous methodology avoiding the use of artificial or on-purpose tuned correction factors. EMHIRES is able to capture the variability of wind and solar energy, in particular peaks and ramps, in a much more accurate way than previous meteorologically derived time series. The purpose is to develop an ab-initio methodology for wind and solar power production simulation and apply homogeneously to all Europe. The methodology has provided results ranging between good and excellent for all countries for which reliable TSOs data are available, regardless their sometimes huge geographical diversity. Using EMHIRES for power system analysis will increase the accuracy of generation adequacy assessments, renewable energy integration studies and market studies for flexibility technologies such as storage. This report details the second part of EMHIRES, covering solar energy production.
The PV Status Report provides comprehensive and relevant information on this dynamic sector for the interested public, as well as decision-makers in policy and industry. IN particular, the report provides an overview of the market in (a) Europe, the Russian Federation and Turkey, (b) Asia and Pacific region, (c) AMericas and (d) Africa. It also analyzes Electricity costs and the economics of PV systems and offers a presentation of the PV manufacturing industry.
This technical report by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) provides information abou the Future costs of low carbon energy technologies, including also photovoltaics and solar tehrmal electricity technologies. The report presents internally consistent trajectories of capital investment costs to 2050 for selected low carbon energy technologies. In order to do so, it combines global scenario projections of technology deployment with the one-factor learning rate method. Global scenarios are used to identify a range, based on potential deployment, in line with baseline assumptions and two long-term decarbonisation pathways. A sensitivity analysis is performed based on different learning rates and results are compared with literature. It is found that, depending on the technology, a 15 % to 55 % reduction in capital investment costs of offshore wind turbines, photovoltaics, solar thermal electricity and ocean energy may be achieved by 2030 compared to 2015.
This study assesses the impact of materials on the competitiveness of the EU’s clean energy technology industry, taking into account several factors such as security and concentration of materials supply, price volatility, cost intensity in the technology, etc. These factors, together with the EU’s resilience to potential materials supply disruptions and mitigation possibilities, have been analysed for three technologies, namely wind turbines, solar PV panels and batteries. Wind power was found to be the most vulnerable technology in relation to materials supply, followed by solar PV and batteries.
This Guide attempts to lay out a comprehensive and efficient solar PV rooftop implementation support process, capturing global and national best practices and learnings. The Guide primarily addresses grid-connected rooftop PV systems, under both net metering and gross metering connectivity. Also, provides the prevailing business models, the regulatory and legislative framework, technical standards and specifications concerned with the safety, quality and performance of the solar installations and the administrative processes.
This guide considers Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of photovoltaic (PV) systems with the goal of reducing the cost of O&M and increasing its effectiveness. Reported O&M costs vary widely, and a more standardized approach to planning and delivering O&M can make costs more predictable. Actuarial data indicate that comprehensive O&M could improve the average performance ratio of systems from 88% to 94%, which is a substantial increase in revenue and environmental benefits of a PV system.
This Guide introduces some basic PV concepts, identifies the PV module size and shape, the manufacturing technology, examines the environmental issues and the energy production, analyzes the installation of PVs in buildings and the inter-related issues of costs and sizing and provides a case study of a preliminary design of a building-integrated PV system.
This study aims to develop a strategy for the European photovoltaic (PV) manufacturing sector, focused on tailored PV products, knowledge-intensive parts of the value chain and the commercialisation of novel technologies. Such a strategy could be implemented by a set of nine measures that target demand, supply, research, development and innovation (RD&I) and trade related aspects.
This study notes the impressive contribution that solar is making to job and wealth creation in Europe today and in the future. Although the European Photovoltaic sector has been severely challenged in terms of installed capacities and turnover since 2011-2012, the sector continues to prove its socio-economic value in Europe, both in terms of job creation and Gross Value Added (GVA). This study also assesses the impacts of the anti-dumping measures (minimum import prices and annual import quotas) set by the European Commission on the import of solar modules and cells.
This report puts forward a series of suggested policy changes that could be beneficial, both at EU and national level, to allow the adoption of new solar business models, lower the cost of capital and increase deployment in a lower subsidy environment.
Ce rqpport présente les leçons tirées du projet d’électrification par énergies renouvelables des localités d’Ambondro, région Androy, et d’Analaptsy, région Anosy, à l’extrême sud de Madagascar.
Les notions nécessaires pour l’étude et la conception des installations photovoltaïques sont recueillies dans ce document, en apportant d’information théorique, d’exercices et d’exemples pratiques.
Etude de ca portant sur l'un des tous premiers projets de centrales solaires photovoltaïques à grande échelle en Afrique de l'Ouest qui a démontré la faisabilité de la technologie au Cabo Verde et dans la région.
This report explains how IRENA approached the challenges of data collection and the methodologies used to produce the estimates of off-grid energy production and use. A brief overview of the data collected, followed by detailed tables of the off-grid data by country, technology and year is provided.
This report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) explores the prospects for renewables, including solar energy to enhance national economies and strengthen the Southeast Europe energy mix. It analyses the current energy landscape, the potential and costs for scaling up renewables, the policy frameworks and investments required, and the expected socio-economic impact of transforming the region’s energy system.
This new report finds an overwhelming majority (97%) of people living with a solar home system in West Africa report quality of life improvements as they feel safer, healthier and children have more time to study.
Ce rapport explore comment les kits solaires permettent aux foyers en Afrique de l’Ouest de développer leur activité économique, d’augmenter leurs revenus et d’améliorer leur qualité de vie.
This report examines renewable District Heating and Cooling potential up to 2030, based on three main technology pathways. The baseline “Reference Case” builds on current national energy plans in nine countries (China, Denmark, Germany, Poland, Switzerland, Japan, the United States, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates). The “REmap” case includes rapid scale-up within planned DHC capacity. The third pathway, “Structural Shift”, assumes expanded DHC capacity, with new networks fed entirely by renewables.
This paper compares the impact of financial conditions on the cost of electricity generation across six renewable and three fossil-based technologies in 46 African countries. This paper also demonstrates that, once ambitious climate policies are in place, reducing financing costs for renewables could be an efficient way to lower greenhouse gas emissions.
This document describes recent experience and principles of good practice for the management of small livestock in solar farms established on agricultural land, derelict/marginal land and previously developed land.
This roadmap pathway is focusing on the standardized and cost optimal solutions to integrate solar thermal technology in all industrial processes, by developing collector structures adapted to industrial buildings, improved large-scale solar collector arrays, and new planning and design tools.
This publication tries to provide guidelines for policy and framework conditions related to solar heating and cooling, in particular solar water heating. It aims at providing a quick overview of the main issues to be considered for setting the right framework for the promotion of the solar thermal technology. Therefore, it outlines key recommendations and guidelines for the implementation of a programme for the promotion of solar water heating.
This guide aims at explaining the relevance of quality assurance for a sustainable market development, besides providing an overview of quality assurance measures applied to solar thermal products and installations around the world. It also indicates some possible steps in order to set up a quality assurance system in a country.
The present report outlines the role of solar photovoltaic (PV) power in the transformation of the global energy system based on IRENA’s climate resilient pathway (remap case), specifically the growth in solar PV power deployment that would be needed in the next three decades to achieve the Paris climate goals.
Ce guide concerne exclusivement les projets d’autoconsommation photovoltaïque dans les secteurs tertiaire, industriel et agricole. C’est un outil de présentation, d’explications, d’accompagnement et d’aide à la décision pour les maîtrises d’ouvrage (MOa) et les porteurs de projets. Son premier objectif est de faire apparaître, de manière objective, les points de vigilance et les indicateurs de performance des systèmes solaires électriques pour l’autoconsommation dans les trois secteurs cités, et de mettre en évidence leurs particularités quand elles existent. Son second objectif est d’apporter un éclairage sur les diverses contraintes propres à ces systèmes, tant techniques que financières ou réglementaires.
Les routines d’entretien auront une influence sur l’efficacité du fonctionnement et la durée de vie du SPIS. Le plan peut être formulé par le producteur avec le soutien d’un prestataire de services professionnel. Ce module propose des exemples de listes de contrôle, ou check listes, concernant l’entretien.
Ce module IRRIGUER offre uneintroduction aux complexités de l’irrigation.
Ce module récapitule les principales étapes de l'installation d’un système d’irrigation à énergie solaire (SPIS). L’installation d’un système d’irrigation nécessite une planification et des décisions du producteur car le système doit être mis en place en fonction des préférences et des
critères d’utilisation définis. Le présent module décrit les étapes à suivre afin de mettre en place le système. Ce module tient compte du fait que le fournisseur de technologie n’est pas nécessairement le prestataire de services pour l’installation du SPIS.
Cette étude a pour objectif de proposer une stratégie de soutien au développement de la filière photovoltaïque en France pour la période 2016-2020.
Le présent rapport dresse un état des lieux des coûts des installations photovoltaïques de moyenne et grande puissance (de 100 kWc à 30 MWc) développées dans le cadre des appels d’offres en métropole continentale.
Ce rapport présente les résultats du volet qualitatif du suivi dumarché français des systèmes photovoltaïques dans le résidentiel.
L’objectif de ce guide est de permettre au lecteur de mieux comprendre comment développer, financer, construire et exploiter avec succès des centrales solaires PV marchandes. Il cible les promoteurs de projets entrant sur le marché, et est destiné à être une source de référence pour les entrepreneurs, les investisseurs, les décideurs publics et autres parties prenantes travaillant sur des projets PV sur les marchés émergents.
Le financement de l’irrigation à énergie solaire peut représenter une opportunité pour les organismes de financement qui cherchent à diversifier leur portefeuille de prêts et à élargir leur gamme de produits financiers. Le module INVESTIR porte sur les caractéristiques produits des prêts ayant pour objet les systèmes d’irrigation à énergie solaire (SPIS) et présente le financement direct destiné par les organismes de financement à un emprunteur final ayant une exploitation agricole petite ou moyenne. Le module précise également en quoi il diffère du financement des systèmes d’irrigation conventionnels. Il fournit également des conseils aux prestataires de services financiers qui financent déjà des systèmes d’irrigation à énergie solaire ou qui prévoient de le faire.
Le module S’INFORMER fournit aux conseillers agricoles et aux prestataires de services financiers des informations essentielles pour comprendre le principe de fonctionnement d’un système d’irrigation à énergie solaire (SPIS) et identifier les différents éléments de ce dernier. Ce module décrit tout d’abord comment les différentes configurations des éléments sont susceptibles d’influer sur la performance de l’ensemble du système. Le module S’INFORMER permettra aux prestataires de services agricoles et financiers d’aider les utilisateurs potentiels d’un SPIS en leur fournissant des informations actualisées sur les avantages et les inconvénients de cette technologie et sur les différents éléments qui la compose.
This guide touches upon how the off-grid solar sector is defined, what kind of companies operate within as well as their business models, what kinds of investment opportunities are available and some key considerations for new investors in the sector.
This report recommends policy changes, business models as well as financing instruments for the expansion of rooftop solar power in India.
Off-grid renewable energy solutions have emerged as a mainstream solution to expand access to modern energy services in a timely and environmentally sustainable manner. Fostering private investment and innovation is a critical aspect to achieving this goal, according to this report. It captures key trends, and the authors discuss the key components of an enabling environment to scale-up deployment.
This module describes general financial services possibly available to farmers who want to adopt a Solar Powered Irrigation System (SPIS). The goal of the module is to inform decision-making agencies (governments, financial institutions, technology providers, development practitioners, etc.) about the financial option more suitable for farmer needs considering their specific characteristics.
Cette étude présente les principaux enjeux environnementaux associés à la filière de l’énergie solaire.
This report consists of three distinct tasks, which examines the role of CSP and other solar plus storage technologies in providing grid services spanning timescales from seconds to decades
This report examines the evolution of solar PV simulators, from single-rooftop assessments at the household level to large-scale, aggregate-level analyses undertaken by municipal authorities and other large entities. The report also highlights the growing range of accessible, free online solar simulators.
Photovoltaic solar energy (PV) is expected to play a key role in the future global sustainable energy system. It has demonstrated impressive developments in terms of the scale of deployment, cost reduction and performance enhancement, most visibly over the past decade. In this paper it is argued, however, that in view of actual developments in PV over the past few decades there are good reasons to adopt another approach, that does more justice to the role and potential of existing and new PV concepts and technologies.
Solar photovoltaic (solar PV) electricity has recently become the lowest cost source of electricity in most parts of the world. Solar PV supports a socially just and acceptable energy transition and integrated applications, as well as new business opportunities. This report is focusing on one of these new business opportunities. It aims at describing the added value of Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) for a successful energy transition in European cities, as well as the related opportunities for EU businesses. It describes the regulatory and market framework needed for sustainable business models for BIPV, that are adapted to city planning constraints and specificities.
This guide aims at promoting solar water heating (SWH) systems to architects and builders from developing countries and help them consider integrating SWH applications in their designs. Intending to be a useful handbook, this “Quick Guide” provides a compact overview of the technology and its main characteristics; as well as the main requirements to be considered for its application in different types of projects and in different geographical locations.
This report provides an operational analysis of 2030 that includes spatially disaggregated, hourly commitment and dispatch modeling. Our modeling includes constraints on transmission, unit-specific costs and operating constraints, and hourly, weekly and seasonal inter-temporal constraints that have not been previously analyzed.
This latest Global Off-Grid Solar Market Report presents sales and impact data for July to December 2018, reflecting the performance of 84 companies, which are GOGLA members and companies that sell Lighting Global quality-verified products. This report provides sales data for solar lanterns, multi-light systems and solar home systems (SHS) in 46 countries.
This report provides insights into the social and economic impact of off-grid solar. It follows the “Powering Opportunity: The Economic Impact of Off-Grid Solar” report which highlighted the domino effect solar home systems (SHS) are having on household economic activity, creating income and improving quality of life. This latest report confirms those findings, sheds new light on how this impact evolves over time, and explores how economic activity equates to full time equivalent (FTE) employment.
The goal of the report is to give an overview of the general trends, to highlight special applications and outstanding projects and to document the solar thermal capacity installed in the important markets worldwide. Furthermore, it is the goal to ascertain the contribution of solar thermal systems to the supply of energy and the CO2 emissions avoided as a result of operating these sys tems.
This manual is a practical guide for Indian homeowners seeking to install rooftop solar systems. Also, a calculator specifically designed to help domestic houses decide if solar is a viable option for their electricity demand.
This report aims at producing all the necessary elements to capture the full picture of the European markets for the industry, decision makers, investors and all professionals interested in solar heat markets.
This latest Global Off-Grid Solar Market Report presents sales and impact data for January to June 2018, reflecting the performance of almost 70 companies, which are GOGLA members and companies that sell Lighting Global quality-verified products. The H1 2018 edition of the report shows that 3.7 million off-grid solar products were sold globally by participating companies.
The goal of the report is to give an overview of the general trends, to high light special applications and outstanding projects and to document the solar thermal capacity installed in the important markets worldwide. Fur thermore, it is the goal to ascertain the contribution of solar thermal systems to the supply of energy and the CO2 emissions avoided as a result of operating these systems.
In its review of the challenges and opportunities associated with massive deployment of solar PV generation, the Grid integration working group of the ETIP PV identified forecasting and observability as critical technologies for the planning and operation of the power system with large PV penetration. In this white paper ETIP PV set out to spell out in more details what features are needed from these technologies and what is the state of the art.