This guide considers Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of photovoltaic (PV) systems with the goal of reducing the cost of O&M and increasing its effectiveness. Reported O&M costs vary widely, and a more standardized approach to planning and delivering O&M can make costs more predictable. Actuarial data indicate that comprehensive O&M could improve the average performance ratio of systems from 88% to 94%, which is a substantial increase in revenue and environmental benefits of a PV system.
This Guide introduces some basic PV concepts, identifies the PV module size and shape, the manufacturing technology, examines the environmental issues and the energy production, analyzes the installation of PVs in buildings and the inter-related issues of costs and sizing and provides a case study of a preliminary design of a building-integrated PV system.
This report aims at producing all the necessary elements to capture the full picture of the European markets for the industry, decision makers, investors and all professionals interested in solar heat markets.
This technical study provides an overview on the status on ways of measuring, monitoring and controlling solar thermal in smaller systems, with a clear focus on current methods. It looks into the state-of-the-art for solar thermal, including some components such as sensors, controllers and connectivity. Also, provides possible service offerings based on the remote monitoring, controlling of solar heating systems.
This report provides an operational analysis of 2030 that includes spatially disaggregated, hourly commitment and dispatch modeling. Our modeling includes constraints on transmission, unit-specific costs and operating constraints, and hourly, weekly and seasonal inter-temporal constraints that have not been previously analyzed.
This report helps policymakers, planners, private developers, and other actors in the ASEAN member states assess the cost of renewable-energybased, utility-scale, land-based wind and solar PV opportunities.
This report examines in detail the global solar photovoltaic (PV) value chain, Ireland’s strengths within it and opportunities for Irish research and industry to capture value and new business from a growing international solar PV market out to 2030.
This report contains a set of planning policy and development guidance recommendations for utility scale solar photovoltaic schemes in Ireland. These recommendations will inform any future planning and development for utility scale ground mounted solar PV installations.
This report provides an overall RE use from 2000 to 2017, examines Ireland’s progress towards 2020 RE targets with a comparison with the other EU member states, presents data on overall RE use split by electricity, heat, and transport and also by energy source. Also, shows how the use of RE displaces the use of fossil fuels.
This report consists of three distinct tasks, which examines the role of CSP and other solar plus storage technologies in providing grid services spanning timescales from seconds to decades
This roadmap pathway is focusing on the standardized and cost optimal solutions to integrate solar thermal technology in all industrial processes, by developing collector structures adapted to industrial buildings, improved large-scale solar collector arrays, and new planning and design tools.
This publication tries to provide guidelines for policy and framework conditions related to solar heating and cooling, in particular solar water heating. It aims at providing a quick overview of the main issues to be considered for setting the right framework for the promotion of the solar thermal technology. Therefore, it outlines key recommendations and guidelines for the implementation of a programme for the promotion of solar water heating.
This guide aims at explaining the relevance of quality assurance for a sustainable market development, besides providing an overview of quality assurance measures applied to solar thermal products and installations around the world. It also indicates some possible steps in order to set up a quality assurance system in a country.
This guide aims at promoting solar water heating (SWH) systems to architects and builders from developing countries and help them consider integrating SWH applications in their designs. Intending to be a useful handbook, this “Quick Guide” provides a compact overview of the technology and its main characteristics; as well as the main requirements to be considered for its application in different types of projects and in different geographical locations.