The Global Solar Atlas supports solar power development in the phases of exploration, prospection, site selection and pre-feasibility evaluation. The aim of this Global Solar Atlas is to provide quick and easy access to solar resource data globally through GIS layers and poster maps at global, regional and country level. The Atlas provides long-term averages of solar resource (global, diffuse and direct normal), the principal climate phenomena that determines solar power generation.
This paper presents the specific context of the power system in Cyprus and the future University of Cyprus (UCY) microgrid along with the possible and expected impacts of the PV plant and Battery Energy Storage System.
This presentation provides the PV global and EU statistics data, the benefits of net metering and the electricity price breakdown per kWh.
This paper discusses the impact of Photovoltaic oriented DC stray current corrosion on large scale solar farms’ grounding and third-party infrastructure. The paper unfolds by thoroughly addressing three specific objectives: a) defining the origin of the problem, b) modelling the problem in commercially available software and c) discussing the arising implications.
Solar photovoltaic water pumping (SWP) uses energy from solar photovoltaic (PV) panels to power an electric water pump. Solar pumping is most competitive in regions with high solar insolation, which include most of Africa, South America, South Asia, and Southeast Asia. This book focuses on the basics of solar pumping.
The study uses a least-cost planning approach to assess the volume of solar and wind that can technically and economically be integrated in the power system, accounting for spinning reserve generation capacity requirements and adequacy of transmission capacity. Also, demonstrates how an investment strategy to cover peak demand, and prudent changes in system operational practices, allow for the system to provide the needed reserve capacity without a prohibitive increase in system costs.
The aim of this paper is to identify policy actions to unlock the distributed solar market for on-grid and off-grid applications, using Egypt as a case study. The paper calculates the rate of return on investment for different distributed solar applications, identifies nonfinancial barriers to scaling up distributed solar and derives policy implications.
The study analyzes wind, solar and energy storage sectors in China. This study takes a data-driven approach to accelerate green innovation to achieve ambitious emission reduction targets. It assesses where China currently stands compared to its global peers, how policies can be introduced (or retooled) to foster greater innovation in these three sectors and what learning and insight international case studies can offer to Chinese policy makers.
The synergies between rooftop solar PV (RPV) and energy efficiency (EE) investments in the built environment include lower specific transaction costs, optimized RPV systems, shorter project payback periods (compared to RPV-only projects), and, for EE, enhanced project visibility. The current technical and policy environment presents an opportunity to explore synergies between RPV and EE in buildings for four broad reasons: technological process, new business models, conductive policies and urbanization and population growth.
This report focuses on solar photovoltaic (PV) rooftop installations to take advantage of the Maldive's high insolation while also coping with the scarcity of land.
The report focuses on the ability to attract commercial investors and lenders, without analysis of the financing terms. The scope is limited to utility-scale, grid-connected projects because of the risk concentration inherent to large projects and the importance of large-scale investments in clean energy for the transition toward low carbon development pathways.
Phase I of Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM), with a capacity target of 1 GW, was positioned as a first step in India’s ambitious journey toward 20 GW of capacity addition by the end of Phase III of the JNNSM by 2022. This study looks at the lessons learned and challenges of Phase I of the JNNSM, and lays out issues identified as critical by most stakeholders, which require closer attention and resolution.
This paper considers the design and performance of auction mechanisms used to deploy renewable energy in three emerging economies: Brazil, China, and India. The analysis focuses on the countries’ experience in various dimensions, including price reductions, bidding dynamics, coordination with transmission planning, risk allocation strategies, and the issue of domestic content.
The objective of this study is to evaluate the experience of IPPs and to identify lessons that can help African countries attract more and better private investment. This report highlights not only the challenges that policy makers are facing but also the underlying factors that contributed to healthy investment climates. The analysis is based primarily on in-depth case studies carried out in five countries—Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Tanzania, and Uganda.
Τhis note examines the costs of utility-scale solar PV equipment, access to financial markets, insolation, and other project-related variables in 13 countries.
In India, nearly 1 in 4 people still don’t have access to electricity. Many of them live in poor communities, where the lack of electricity prevents them from living better, more productive lives. To increase energy access for the poor, India has set unprecedented, ambitious plans to boost solar energy nationwide.
This PV minigrid costing study aims to provide a benchmark of the on-site (upfront costs only, including hard costs and logistics) of already commissioned PV only or PV-diesel hybrid mini-grids in the African and Asian contexts, that have a proven track record of operation, to enable the pinpointing of opportunities for cost reduction in future projects.
This technical study provides an overview on the status on ways of measuring, monitoring and controlling solar thermal in smaller systems, with a clear focus on current methods. It looks into the state-of-the-art for solar thermal, including some components such as sensors, controllers and connectivity. Also, provides possible service offerings based on the remote monitoring, controlling of solar heating systems.
This video presents the aim of Paris climate change agreement to limit global warning by using clean, low carbon and renewable energy sources like solar power, providing examples from India, Zambia and Bangladesh.
Many communities around the world have limited access to water. To reach deep groundwater reserves, diesel generated electricity is used in rural villages to power electric water pumps. Solar photovoltaic pumping systems offer a financially and environmentally sustainable source of power and can significantly reduce the cost of water extraction for rural communities.
This roadmap pathway is focusing on the standardized and cost optimal solutions to integrate solar thermal technology in all industrial processes, by developing collector structures adapted to industrial buildings, improved large-scale solar collector arrays, and new planning and design tools.
This publication tries to provide guidelines for policy and framework conditions related to solar heating and cooling, in particular solar water heating. It aims at providing a quick overview of the main issues to be considered for setting the right framework for the promotion of the solar thermal technology. Therefore, it outlines key recommendations and guidelines for the implementation of a programme for the promotion of solar water heating.
This guide aims at explaining the relevance of quality assurance for a sustainable market development, besides providing an overview of quality assurance measures applied to solar thermal products and installations around the world. It also indicates some possible steps in order to set up a quality assurance system in a country.
This technical guide provides a general overview of the intrinsic characteristics of variable renewable energy (VRE) generation, mainly solar PV and wind, what the main challenges are along with some recommendations for VRE technical specifications, applicable standards, and essential testing. The main focus of the document presents a detailed outline of the essential requirements for VRE integration into the power grid.
This report is a compilation of 6 policy notes, focusing on the report’s key findings, power sector, water and irrigation, transport, flood protection and climate change.
This paper specifically focuses on local-level benefit-sharing approaches deployed by wind and solar projects and ways that these approaches can be optimized to create value for developers and operators and host communities. It underscores the importance of promoting equity in the locallevel benefit sharing mechanisms sponsored by wind and solar projects.
This study concentrates on Egypt and attempts to identify strategic challenges and provide detailed recommendations for developing a local solar industry for selected concentrated solar power (CSP) and photovoltaic (PV) components. This study focuses on Egypt’s business potential from four main perspectives: production factors, demand factors, risk factors and business support factors.
This report analyzes and draws lessons from the efforts of some developed countries and adapts them to the characteristics of developing economies, assesses the cost reduction potential and economic and financial affordability of various technologies in emerging markets, evaluates the potential for cost reduction and associated economic benefits derived from local manufacturing and suggests ways to tailor bidding models and practices, bid selection criteria, and structures for power purchase agreements (PPAs) for Concentrating Solar Thermal power (CST) projects in developing market conditions.
This report includes a review of existing solar-related policies and regulations, an assessment of solar radiation resources, an estimation of the usable rooftop areas, a market survey of key stakeholders and presents a roadmap for the development of the rooftop solar photovoltaic (RSPV) market in Turkey.
The aim of the baseline study is to understand the constraints and needs which would enable clean tech SMEs to innovate, grow and scale in off-grid solar, namely in agricultural areas in Egypt.
The book's broad aim is to assess the welfare impact of solar home systems (SHS) on households and to evaluate the present institutional structure and financing mechanisms.
The present study has adopted a graded evaluation approach to assess and evaluate all the possible renewable energy technologies and filter out the most feasible ones through a three step process involving (1) the assessment based on state wide renewable resource potential availability, (2) evaluation of suitability of infrastructural conditions and (3) Technology Management, Supply Chain & Cost Parameters.
This presentation provides the current CSP technologies, the status in MENA region, the cost and the trends until 2025 and the forecast of installed capacity.
This report estimates the global potential of floating solar, even under conservative assumptions, to be 400 gigawatts – roughly the total capacity of all solar photovoltaic installations worldwide at the end of 2017.
This video presents the installation process of a Concentrating Solar Power Plant in Morocco, the financial benefits in the country's economy stemming from this plant, and how it can serve as an attractive option for other countries in the region.
This guide aims at promoting solar water heating (SWH) systems to architects and builders from developing countries and help them consider integrating SWH applications in their designs. Intending to be a useful handbook, this “Quick Guide” provides a compact overview of the technology and its main characteristics; as well as the main requirements to be considered for its application in different types of projects and in different geographical locations.
This report aims at producing all the necessary elements to capture the full picture of the European markets for the industry, decision makers, investors and all professionals interested in solar heat markets.
This online repository aims to raise awareness about the solar water pumping technology and provide resources that help incorporate it into operations. The repository contains more than 260 resources from all regions and covers a broad range of issues from technological change to institutional setup.