This report compares the levelised cost of PV electricity (PV LCOE) with retail electricity prices in different European countries and market segments. The report shows that PV electricity is already cheaper than retail electricity in all market segments and with all realistic interest rates in many European countries like Italy, Germany, the UK, Spain, Portugal and Greece.
In its review of the challenges and opportunities associated with massive deployment of solar PV generation, the Grid integration working group of the ETIP PV identified forecasting and observability as critical technologies for the planning and operation of the power system with large PV penetration. In this white paper ETIP PV set out to spell out in more details what features are needed from these technologies and what is the state of the art.
This report aims at producing all the necessary elements to capture the full picture of the European markets for the industry, decision makers, investors and all professionals interested in solar heat markets.
This technical study provides an overview on the status on ways of measuring, monitoring and controlling solar thermal in smaller systems, with a clear focus on current methods. It looks into the state-of-the-art for solar thermal, including some components such as sensors, controllers and connectivity. Also, provides possible service offerings based on the remote monitoring, controlling of solar heating systems.
Solar photovoltaic (solar PV) electricity has recently become the lowest cost source of electricity in most parts of the world. Solar PV supports a socially just and acceptable energy transition and integrated applications, as well as new business opportunities. This report is focusing on one of these new business opportunities. It aims at describing the added value of Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) for a successful energy transition in European cities, as well as the related opportunities for EU businesses. It describes the regulatory and market framework needed for sustainable business models for BIPV, that are adapted to city planning constraints and specificities.
This guide aims at explaining the relevance of quality assurance for a sustainable market development, besides providing an overview of quality assurance measures applied to solar thermal products and installations around the world. It also indicates some possible steps in order to set up a quality assurance system in a country.
This publication tries to provide guidelines for policy and framework conditions related to solar heating and cooling, in particular solar water heating. It aims at providing a quick overview of the main issues to be considered for setting the right framework for the promotion of the solar thermal technology. Therefore, it outlines key recommendations and guidelines for the implementation of a programme for the promotion of solar water heating.
This guide aims at promoting solar water heating (SWH) systems to architects and builders from developing countries and help them consider integrating SWH applications in their designs. Intending to be a useful handbook, this “Quick Guide” provides a compact overview of the technology and its main characteristics; as well as the main requirements to be considered for its application in different types of projects and in different geographical locations.
This roadmap pathway is focusing on the standardized and cost optimal solutions to integrate solar thermal technology in all industrial processes, by developing collector structures adapted to industrial buildings, improved large-scale solar collector arrays, and new planning and design tools.