EMHIRES applies an innovative approach trying to reproduce wind and solar power time series at both national and regional levels covering the whole Europe with a homogeneous methodology avoiding the use of artificial or on-purpose tuned correction factors. EMHIRES is able to capture the variability of wind and solar energy, in particular peaks and ramps, in a much more accurate way than previous meteorologically derived time series. The purpose is to develop an ab-initio methodology for wind and solar power production simulation and apply homogeneously to all Europe. The methodology has provided results ranging between good and excellent for all countries for which reliable TSOs data are available, regardless their sometimes huge geographical diversity. Using EMHIRES for power system analysis will increase the accuracy of generation adequacy assessments, renewable energy integration studies and market studies for flexibility technologies such as storage. This report details the second part of EMHIRES, covering solar energy production.
The PV Status Report provides comprehensive and relevant information on this dynamic sector for the interested public, as well as decision-makers in policy and industry. IN particular, the report provides an overview of the market in (a) Europe, the Russian Federation and Turkey, (b) Asia and Pacific region, (c) AMericas and (d) Africa. It also analyzes Electricity costs and the economics of PV systems and offers a presentation of the PV manufacturing industry.
This technical report by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) provides information abou the Future costs of low carbon energy technologies, including also photovoltaics and solar tehrmal electricity technologies. The report presents internally consistent trajectories of capital investment costs to 2050 for selected low carbon energy technologies. In order to do so, it combines global scenario projections of technology deployment with the one-factor learning rate method. Global scenarios are used to identify a range, based on potential deployment, in line with baseline assumptions and two long-term decarbonisation pathways. A sensitivity analysis is performed based on different learning rates and results are compared with literature. It is found that, depending on the technology, a 15 % to 55 % reduction in capital investment costs of offshore wind turbines, photovoltaics, solar thermal electricity and ocean energy may be achieved by 2030 compared to 2015.
This study assesses the impact of materials on the competitiveness of the EU’s clean energy technology industry, taking into account several factors such as security and concentration of materials supply, price volatility, cost intensity in the technology, etc. These factors, together with the EU’s resilience to potential materials supply disruptions and mitigation possibilities, have been analysed for three technologies, namely wind turbines, solar PV panels and batteries. Wind power was found to be the most vulnerable technology in relation to materials supply, followed by solar PV and batteries.
The Photovoltaic Geographical Information System (PVGIS) is developed and maintained by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission. It provides a set of free online interactive tools and solar data and maps covering Europe, Africa and several Asian countries.
Available interactive tools allow for the assessment of:
The Renewable Energy Unit of the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre has been involved in research on estimating the solar resource and mapping the geographical variability of solar irradiation and solar energy system performance. This research has produced digital maps describing the performance of PV systems of various types. Some of these data are available online in this webpage.
A set of computational tools and climatic data, named PVMAPS, which allows to calculate solar radiation and photovoltaic system power on inclined and/or sun-tracking surfaces over large geographical areas at arbitrarily high spatial resolution. Calculations of solar radiation and photovoltaic performance are done using validated models published in the scientific literature. The software has been implemented as modules in open-source Geographical Information System (GIS). The accompanying data set includes information about elevation, horizon height, average temperatures, solar radiation (direct and diffuse components) as well as data to calculate the effects of wind and spectral variations on PV performance. The geographical extent of the data at present includes Europe, Africa and most of Asia. All tools and data are freely available at no cost.
This report provides a compilation of the different support schemes and measures implemented by EU member states since the 2009 Renewable Energy Directive (RED) came into force. It focusses to a large extent on the information provided under RED's formal reporting process, complemented by information from other referenced sources.
This report proposes the use of a legitimization function of the Technological Innovation System (TIS), as an analytical framework to develop a roadmap and action plan for deploying cross-border renewable projects in Europe. This approach assesses the role, competences and critical issues of a subset of the key stakeholders. Based on this information, a set of actions are proposed as to achieve the social acceptance towards cross-border renewable projects in Europe. To conclude, a solar project in Extremadura is studied in order to validate this approach.
This report aims at producing all the necessary elements to capture the full picture of the European markets for the industry, decision makers, investors and all professionals interested in solar heat markets.
This technical study provides an overview on the status on ways of measuring, monitoring and controlling solar thermal in smaller systems, with a clear focus on current methods. It looks into the state-of-the-art for solar thermal, including some components such as sensors, controllers and connectivity. Also, provides possible service offerings based on the remote monitoring, controlling of solar heating systems.
This roadmap pathway is focusing on the standardized and cost optimal solutions to integrate solar thermal technology in all industrial processes, by developing collector structures adapted to industrial buildings, improved large-scale solar collector arrays, and new planning and design tools.
This publication tries to provide guidelines for policy and framework conditions related to solar heating and cooling, in particular solar water heating. It aims at providing a quick overview of the main issues to be considered for setting the right framework for the promotion of the solar thermal technology. Therefore, it outlines key recommendations and guidelines for the implementation of a programme for the promotion of solar water heating.
This guide aims at explaining the relevance of quality assurance for a sustainable market development, besides providing an overview of quality assurance measures applied to solar thermal products and installations around the world. It also indicates some possible steps in order to set up a quality assurance system in a country.
This guide aims at promoting solar water heating (SWH) systems to architects and builders from developing countries and help them consider integrating SWH applications in their designs. Intending to be a useful handbook, this “Quick Guide” provides a compact overview of the technology and its main characteristics; as well as the main requirements to be considered for its application in different types of projects and in different geographical locations.