Launched in 2013, IRENA’s Global Atlas for Renewable Energy is an initiative aimed at facilitating access to data, analysis, and tools for assessing renewable energy resource potentials. The Global Atlas for Renewable Energy is a web platform that allows its users to find maps of renewable energy resources for locations across the world. Users can access maps via an online platform that presents data graphically in a map-based format. The Global Atlas contains maps for solar, wind, geothermal, biomass, and marine energy. The online platform also includes a number of integrated tools that allow users to, for example, generate wind statistics, estimate the electrical output of a proposed solar PV project, or view solar time series data.
The IRENA’s regular PV cost and competitiveness indicators will highlight the growing competitiveness of rooftop solar PV and its potential to economically meet the electricity needs of households in different markets, as well as its potentially disruptive nature for utilities. Also, compares solar PV costs to electricity rates. The aim is to help policy makers track the rapid improvements in the competitiveness of renewables.
Solar thermal systems (STS) are a mature technology that has been successfully deployed in several countries for residential applications since the early 1980s. This report provides technical background, analyses the potential and the barriers for market growth and offers insights for policy makers on this key renewable energy technology.
This report outlines the best practices to develop and implement Quality Infrastructure (QI) for solar PV by quantifying cost-benefit analysis for QI implementation at different stages of PV plant development and establishing proper QI mechanisms, showcased through successful experiences with utility-scale, distributed-generation and off-grid PV development in 11 countries.
This report aims to provide up-to-date, verified data on the range of costs and performance of solar PV in Africa for SHS, mini-grids (hybrid or 100% PV) and utility-scale projects, provide an analysis of the current cost structure of solar PV systems, identify best practice cost levels and structures in different market segments and increase solar PV technologies as an option for grid supply and as a means of accelerating electrification in Africa.
This policy brief analyses the key drivers behind the adoption of solar pumping technology, socio-economic benefits on offer and brings to the forefront the cross-sector aspects that should be considered in programme design and implementation to sustainably scale-up deployment.
This report analyses the challenges and offers recommendations for developing Quality Infrastructure (QI) for solar water heaters (SWHs), as well as highlighting the experiences of several countries in developing and implementing QI for SWHs. The SWH guide concludes by applying guidelines for incrementally developing QI to the particular case of SWH markets.
This report examines PV technology, economics, applications, infrastructure and policy, along with their broader impact, highlighting the global PV industry’s prospects for the future.
This report aims to provide up-to-date, verified data on the range of costs, recent technology trends, projections of the cost reduction potentials and performance of solar PV, CSP and onshore and offshore wind power generation technologies and support the government with the latest data about the expected cost reduction potential of these technologies.
This report aims to provide the processing and the technology status of solar heating technologies for industrial processes, their performance and the associated costs, the industrial process heat potential in global level and the existing barriers and how they could overcome.
This report explains how IRENA approached the challenges of data collection and the methodologies used to produce the estimates of off-grid energy production and use. A brief overview of the data collected, followed by detailed tables of the off-grid data by country, technology and year is provided.
This report from the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) explores the prospects for renewables, including solar energy to enhance national economies and strengthen the Southeast Europe energy mix. It analyses the current energy landscape, the potential and costs for scaling up renewables, the policy frameworks and investments required, and the expected socio-economic impact of transforming the region’s energy system.
This report examines renewable District Heating and Cooling potential up to 2030, based on three main technology pathways. The baseline “Reference Case” builds on current national energy plans in nine countries (China, Denmark, Germany, Poland, Switzerland, Japan, the United States, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates). The “REmap” case includes rapid scale-up within planned DHC capacity. The third pathway, “Structural Shift”, assumes expanded DHC capacity, with new networks fed entirely by renewables.
This report provides data sets on power-generation capacity for 2009-2018, actual power generation for 2009-2017 and renewable energy balances for over 130 countries and areas for 2016-2017. Also, includes statistics on investments in renewables spanning 2009-2017, compiled from the OECD-DAC database and 20 major multi-lateral, bilateral and national development financial institutions.
This study presents the latest knowledge on the adaptation process for solar and wind energy and distributed power generation markets, aiming to inform policy makers, regulators and system operators on the options available. The report analyses challenges and solutions, and provides recommendations, on how to adapt electricity market design to high shares of variable renewable energy.
This study analyses the results of renewable energy auctions globally. It provides an overview of the most recent renewable energy auctions, analyses trends in auction prices and designs, and provides an in-depth overview of the interesting experiences and results. This analysis is meant to provide policy makers with a thorough understanding of the dynamics of auctions to support their design in particular and to make informed decisions regarding the choice of policy instruments in general.
This report analyses the design details and price outcomes from wind and solar photovoltaic (PV) auctions in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), specifically in Uganda (Get FiT), South Africa (Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement Programme, or REIPPPP) and Zambia (Scaling Solar). The aim of this analysis is to unearth a set of lessons and recommendations emanating from these three country cases that can inform good auction design in the context of emerging market economies.
In the case of the power sector, the report suggests solutions to address issues around generation adequacy and flexibility, ensuring the development of electricity grids, while helping manage the limited predictability of solar and wind energy and the effects of rapidly increased penetration with these variable renewable power sources.
A Path to Prosperity highlights the role of islands in global efforts against climate change. This third edition highlights transitions to renewables in the power sector, including planning and implementation, enabling business models, transition tools and valuable insights on island grid operation. Also, presents a compilation of case studies from Small Island Developing States (SIDS) and stakeholder organisations. These examples demonstrate real-life project viability, highlight innovative solutions, and showcase successful partnerships to help advance the deployment of renewable energy in SIDS.
Hybridising diesel mini-grids with photovoltaic generation can yield significant cost savings. This study compares the costs of diesel-only and hybridised mini-grids at seven sites – three in Africa, two in Asia and three in Latin America – and shows potential cost savings at all seven sites.
The present report outlines the role of solar photovoltaic (PV) power in the transformation of the global energy system based on IRENA’s climate resilient pathway (remap case), specifically the growth in solar PV power deployment that would be needed in the next three decades to achieve the Paris climate goals.
As the renewable energy sector matures, policies must be adapted to reflect changing market conditions. With the increasing use of auctions, policy makers seek to procure renewables-based electricity at the lowest price and also fulfil socio-economic objectives. This brief outlines the latest research on auctions, with a focus on market developments in 2017-2018.
This report explores two broad future paths: Current Plans (meaning current and planned policies); and the path for a clean, climate-resilient Energy Transformation.
This working paper provides details of the background data and analysis for IRENA’s technology roadmap. This analysis includes detailed data on energy demand projections in the energy-intensive sectors (e.g., iron, steel and non-metallic minerals), as well as a number of less energyintensive sectors (e.g., food, tobacco and textiles).
This publication aims to provide policymakers with a comprehensive understanding of the diverse policy options to support the development of renewables across sectors, technologies, country contexts, energy market structures and policy objectives.
The report analyses key policy and regulatory conditions for supporting private sector involvement in the mini-grid sector, including solar lights, solar home systems and solar mini-grids. These include legal and licensing provisions, cost-recovery and tariff regulation, management of the risks posed by the arrival of the main grid and measures to facilitate access to finance
This global roadmap provides an in-depth perspective on the energy transition in 40 economies, representing 80% of global energy use. It offers concrete technology options and outlines solutions to accelerate renewable energy growth.
This working paper provides a perspective on the changes needed for India to further accelerate the adoption of renewables, and thereby achieve an affordable, secure, inclusive and environmentally friendly energy system that can address expanding energy demand and socio-economic needs.
Off-grid renewable energy solutions have emerged as a mainstream solution to expand access to modern energy services in a timely and environmentally sustainable manner. Fostering private investment and innovation is a critical aspect to achieving this goal, according to this report. It captures key trends, and the authors discuss the key components of an enabling environment to scale-up deployment.
This report analyses the renewable energy finance landscape. It outlines key trends globally in 2013-2016, regionally and by technology, examines the differing roles and approaches of private and public finance, highlights the important role of risk mitigation instruments, and provides an outlook for renewable energy finance in 2018 and beyond.
This report provides a region-wide pre-feasibility assessment of solar and wind opportunities in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region, for both grid connected and off-grid systems. The outcome includes high resolution maps (1 km resolution) indicating suitable areas for solar and wind energy projects on land, taking account of resource intensity, distance to power grids, population density, land cover, topography, altitude and protected areas.
This report provides a region-wide pre-feasibility assessment of solar and wind opportunities in Latin America, for both grid connected and off-grid systems. The outcome includes high resolution maps (1 km resolution) indicating suitable areas for solar and wind energy projects on land, taking account of resource intensity, distance to power grids, population density, land cover, topography, altitude and protected areas.
This report provides a region-wide pre-feasibility assessment of solar and wind opportunities in West Africa, for both grid connected and off-grid systems. The outcome includes high resolution maps (1 km resolution) indicating suitable areas for solar and wind energy projects on land, taking account of resource intensity, distance to power grids, population density, land cover, topography, altitude and protected areas.
This report highlights key findings and recommendations of the Second International Off-grid Renewable Energy Conference (IOREC 2014), organised by the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in partnership with off-grid and regional agencies.
This report is meant to serve as an all-in-one guide to the key financial market instruments for renewables. Greater familiarity with those instruments, particularly among policy makers, investors and financial institutions, will bring down the financing cost of renewable energy projects.
This report examines the evolution of solar PV simulators, from single-rooftop assessments at the household level to large-scale, aggregate-level analyses undertaken by municipal authorities and other large entities. The report also highlights the growing range of accessible, free online solar simulators.
This paper examines the impact of changes in cooling technologies mandated for thermal power plants and an increased share of renewable energy, on freshwater use (excluding hydropower) and on carbon emissions to year 2030.
This report informs policy makers and other stakeholders in the energy sector about the technology developments in renewable mini-grids. It also discusses how these technology developments could enable faster commercialisation and large-scale deployment of renewable mini-grids.
This comprehensive cost report highlights the latest trends for each of the main renewable power technologies, based on the latest cost and auction price data from projects around the world.
This study sought to identify and comprehensively value high-quality wind, solar photovoltaic (PV) and concentrating solar power (CSP) resources in 21 countries in the Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP) and Southern African Power Pool (SAPP), to support the prioritization of areas for development through a multi-criteria planning process. In order to identify opportunities and challenges for wind and solar development in different regions of the power pools, this study also examined the spatial interactions and patterns of multiple siting criteria.