Solar photovoltaic (solar PV) electricity has recently become the lowest cost source of electricity in most parts of the world. Solar PV supports a socially just and acceptable energy transition and integrated applications, as well as new business opportunities. This report is focusing on one of these new business opportunities. It aims at describing the added value of Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) for a successful energy transition in European cities, as well as the related opportunities for EU businesses. It describes the regulatory and market framework needed for sustainable business models for BIPV, that are adapted to city planning constraints and specificities.
This report provides an operational analysis of 2030 that includes spatially disaggregated, hourly commitment and dispatch modeling. Our modeling includes constraints on transmission, unit-specific costs and operating constraints, and hourly, weekly and seasonal inter-temporal constraints that have not been previously analyzed.
This report helps policymakers, planners, private developers, and other actors in the ASEAN member states assess the cost of renewable-energybased, utility-scale, land-based wind and solar PV opportunities.
This report consists of three distinct tasks, which examines the role of CSP and other solar plus storage technologies in providing grid services spanning timescales from seconds to decades