The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc. Country-specific information

ISA Infopedia

ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.

Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

0.004 GW

Venezuela, named the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela since 1999, is located on the northern coast of South America. The country comprises a continental mainland and numerous islands in the Caribbean Sea. The capital is Caracas and the official language is Spanish. Venezuela is known widely for its petroleum industry, the environmental diversity of its territory, and its natural features. It covers an area of 916,445 km2 with a population of 31.98 million in 2017 as per the World Bank statistics.  

Venezuela is a founding member of the OPEC and one of the world’s top oil producers. It holds some of the largest proven reserves of petroleum and natural gas. Venezuela also has the second-largest natural gas reserves, in the Americas, after the United States. The country largely depends on hydroelectricity for most of its electricity needs. The latter accounted for 66% of its electricity generation in 2015. The remaining 34% of electricity was generated by fossil fuels, namely oil and natural gas.

Large, state-owned companies dominate the electricity sector in Venezuela. The government controls the electric sector through the CORPOELEC, a state-owned holding company created in 2007 to consolidate the power sector. CORPOELEC is responsible for the entire electricity supply chain, controlling all major electricity companies in Venezuela including “Electrificacion del Caroni” (EDELCA), which supplies more than 70% of the country's electricity.

Hydroelectricity production is concentrated in the Caroní River in Guayana Region. Today it has 4 different dams. The largest hydro plant is the Guri dam(officially Simón Bolívar Hydroelectric Power Plant) with 10,300 MW of installed capacity, which makes it the third-largest hydroelectric plant in the world. The other three dams include the Caruachi (officially Francisco de Miranda Hydroelectric Power Plant), Macagua (officially Antonio José de Sucre Hydroelectric Power Plant) and Tocoma (officially Manuel Piar Hydroelectric Power Plant).1

When it comes to wind and solar power, Venezuela lags behind not only with respect to developed countries, but among Latin American countries as well. Even though the Venezuelan State has considered the development of alternative energies, this has not been sustained over time.

One of the objectives of the Venezuelan "Plan de la patria" is to make Venezuela a leader in the social, economic and political realm of Latin America and the Caribbean. The Plan enlists goals and pathways to achieve those goals in a period between 2013 and 2019. Some of the goals were stated to be achieved through ‘increased consciousness of environmental considerations and deployment of renewable energy technologies. 


NFP Details: 

Mr. Manuel David Contreras Hernandez

Vice Minister for New Energies and Rational and Efficient use of Energy

Minister of Electrical Energy

Av.Volumer, San Bernardino, Caracas.

Tel: 00582125091258


Photovoltaic Map: 
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 

Fundación para el Desarrollo del Servicio Eléctrico (FUNDELEC)

La Fundación para el Desarrollo del Servicio Eléctrico (FUNDELEC) es un ente adscrito al Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Energía Eléctrica. Su misión es contribuir al más adecuado desarrollo del sector eléctrico, mediante la prestación del soporte técnico profesional al Ejecutivo Nacional, en relación con el ordenamiento del Sector Eléctrico Venezolano. 


National Electricity Corporation (CORPOELEC)

CORPOELEC  is the state electricity corporation of Venezuela. It was created in 2007 by merging ten state-owned and six private-owned power companies. 

Legal/Regulatory Document

Plan de la Patria 2025

Este documento ofrece una visión general del plan de acción del país para el desarrollo económico y social. El quinto objetivo nacional incluye la visión de Venezuela para la integración de las energías renovables, incluida la solar, en la matriz energética del país.

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Webpage/Web Article

Venezuela Policy Database

This webpage lists the RE policies in the country by status, type and targets.

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