The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc. Country-specific information

ISA Infopedia

ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.

United Kingdom

13.108 GW

The United Kingdom, is a country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The country includes the island of Great Britain, which contains England, Wales and Scotland, the north eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. It has an area of 243,610 km2 and a population of 66 million in 2018. The capital is London and English is the official language.

The economy is highly developed and is the 6th largest in the world. As a leading trading power and financial centre, services, particularly banking, insurance, and business services, are key drivers of British GDP growth. Manufacturing, meanwhile, has declined in importance but still accounts for about 10% of economic output. The country’s chief trading ties are the member countries of the European Union through its single market membership, however, economic observers have warned the exit from the EU (Brexit) will jeopardize its position as the central location for European financial services. The UK has large coal, natural gas, and oil resources, but its oil and natural gas reserves are declining; the UK has been a net importer of energy since 2005.

Renewables have a share of over 20% in the UK’s electricity production, and the EU targets entail that this is likely to increase to 30% by 2020. Starting from that year, renewable energy will continue to be an important part of the strategy to reduce carbon emissions. The government is committed to developing renewable energy from solar PV, wind, bioenergy, marine, wave and hydroelectricity.

The UK government has implemented several schemes that provide financial support for renewable energy. These schemes encourage technological development and wider adoption of renewables which in turn lead to economies of scale and lower costs.

  • The Renewable Obligation (RO) is intended to encourage renewable electricity generation for large scale installations. It requires suppliers to source an ever increasing amount of electricity from renewable sources. The RO rewards renewable output over the lifetime of a project.
  • The Feed-in Tariff (FiT) is designed to support small scale renewable installations up to 5MW. Through FiTs, generators are paid a tariff for every unit of electricity they produce. Any electricity not used on site can also be sold back into the Grid, and generators are paid extra to do this.
  • A new scheme to support renewables and other low carbon technologies is currently being developed through the Electricity Market Reform. The scheme will be called a Feed in Tariff with a Contract for Difference (CfD).



NFP Details: 

Ms. Sara Hunt

India Prosperity and Bilateral 

South Asia Department

Tel: +44-(0) 2070087867


Photovoltaic Map: 
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 
Webpage/Web Article

Javid must scrap solar panel VAT plan

Article by one of the UK’s largest renewable energy suppliers to the Chancellor mentioning that this government must not support the proposed VAT increase to 20 percent on clean energy solutions for households, including solar and storage, whilst it remains at five percent for coal and gas. 

Webpage/Web Article

The present and future of UK solar power

Article assessing the implications of the Smart Export Guarantee policy that replaces the Feed-in Tariff scheme to incentivize solar generation.


Solar Trade Association (STA)

The STA's primary mission is to empower the UK solar transformation through supporting the development and driving quality in the solar industry.

Webpage/Web Article

Feed-in Tariffs (FIT)

Lays out the tariffs under the FIT scheme for solar photovoltaic (PV) and non-PV eligible installations.

Webpage/Web Article

Renewables Obligations Scheme

The Renewables Obligation (RO) is one of the main support mechanisms for large-scale renewable electricity projects in the UK. Smaller scale generation is mainly supported through the Feed-In Tariffs (FIT scheme).

Legal/Regulatory Document

The UK’s Draft Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan (NECP)

The National Energy Plan, developed in January 2019, sets out the national plan, priorities, national objectives and targets, and policies and measures for energy and climate change once the UK leaves the European Union.


Solar Power Portal

Covers all articles and updates in the solar sector in the UK

Webpage/Web Article

National Statistics - Sub-regional Feed-in-Tariffs statistic

Quarterly sub-regional statistics show the number of installations and total installed capacity by technology type in England, Scotland and Wales at the end of the latest quarter that have been confirmed on the Central Feed-in Tariff Register.

Webpage/Web Article

Bidstats Tenders

UK Government' Energy Tenders.

Webpage/Web Article

OFGEM Tenders

Lists tenders for electricity projects.

Journal Article

The Future of Solar Power in the United Kingdom

Uses detailed industry data to analyze the impacts of expected further cost reductions on the competitiveness of solar power in Britain and assess whether the solar market can survive without support in the near future.