The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc. Country-specific information

ISA Infopedia

ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.

Republic of Rwanda

0.013 GW

Rwanda is a small landlocked East African country with a green, mountainous landscape of 26,338 km2 in area with a population of 12.2 million in 2017. The capital is Kigali and the official languages are English and French.

The economy is based mostly on subsistence agriculture by local farmers.  Despite Rwanda's fertile ecosystem, food production often does not keep pace with population growth, and food imports are required. Subsistence crops grown in the country include matoke (green bananas), which occupy more than a third of the country’s farmland, potatoes, beans, sweet potatoes, cassava, wheat and maize. Coffee and tea are the major cash crops for export. In spite of the marked progress in the decade to 2012, economic growth in Rwanda is mostly driven by expenditures related to large aid flows, heavy public investments and agricultural production

Rwanda‘s energy balance shows that about 85% of its overall primary energy consumption is based on biomass (99% of all households use biomass for cooking), 11% from petroleum products (transport, electricity generation and industrial use) and 4% from hydro sources for electricity. Rwanda has a variety of potential energy resources from biomass, hydro, solar, petroleum, methane gas, wind and geothermal.

Rwanda has a good solar energy potential, where the daily insolation is ranging from 4 to 5 kWh/m2 . This energy potential is used as a source of electricity to rural institutions located at far distances (greater than 5km) from the national interconnected grid through reliable off-grid systems.

The Government of Rwanda recognizes the vital role that electricity access plays in accelerating economic development through improving health and standards of living. Energy and particularly access to electricity is the Government’s key priority. This is why significant investments have been made and progress registered led to over 24% of households getting access to electricity. More efforts need to be made for the Government to achieve the set targets of 70% by 2017/18 and 100% by 2020. The scope of standalone solar systems and mini-grids technologies have been considered to be used in Rwanda to rapidly scale up electricity access

Photovoltaic Map: 
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 
Webpage/Web Article

Bboxx secures loans to ramp up operations in Rwanda

Article on BBOXX securing a US$8 million loan from the Facility for Energy Inclusion Off-Grid Energy Access Fund (FEI OGEF) that will see the company accelerate its roll-out of solar home systems across Rwanda, its largest market.

Webpage/Web Article

Rwanda’s largest solar field also empowers orphans

Article on a 17-hectare solar field with 28,000 panels bringing in 8.5 megawatts of power at its peak — four percent of the country's total power capacity. The project has brought power to more than 15,000 homes

Webpage/Web Article

Rwanda set to develop a 30 MW solar and storage plant

Article on The Rwandan government, Mara Corporation Ltd and SB Energy Corp signing a Memorandum of Understanding to develop a 30MW solar power plant with a storage facility.


Rwanda Standards Board(RSB)

As an agency under the Ministry of Trade and Industry, RSB develops national technical regulations including national technology and performance standards. RSB plays an increasingly important role in establishing, publishing, and disseminating national standards for energy technologies such as biogas digesters and solar appliances.


Rwanda Energy Group

The legal mandate of Rwanda Energy Group Ltd is to translate energy sector policies and programs into the implementation of tangible projects to achieve government’s vision in the sector and to efficiently operate and maintain the country’s power transmission system.


Rwanda Utility Regulatory Agency [RURA]

The scope of its mandate extends to public utilities involved in renewable and nonrenewable energy, electricity, industrial gases, pipelines and storage facilities, and conventional gas extraction and distribution. As the regulator, RURA’s principal mandate is to ensure consumer protection from uncompetitive practices while ensuring that such utilities operate in an efficient, sustainable, and reliable manner. RURA also has the important role of updating the electric grid code, ensuring quality of service standards for power, assessing and reviewing energy tariff structures, licensing all power generation, 36 transmission, and distribution companies as well as retail petroleum filling stations and related storage facilities


Ministry of Infrastructure [MININFRA]

To initiate, develop and maintain sustainable power generation facilities to supply clean, cost-effective and uninterrupted energy for the country and the region;  To initiate programs aimed at increasing access to affordable energy, water and sanitation, and transport infrastructure and related services for the population

Legal/Regulatory Document

Rural Electrification Strategy

Provides strategies for the development of rural electrification

Legal/Regulatory Document

Electricity Tariffs

Legislation governing electricity tariffs

Legal/Regulatory Document

Rwanda Energy Policy

The policy provides a governing framework for the energy sector

Legal/Regulatory Document

Electricity Law

Legislation governing the electricity sector

Webpage/Web Article

IRENA RE Resource

IRENA provides a list of renewable energy sources


UMUCYO Tenders

Website of Rwanda On-Line E-Procurement System

Webpage/Web Article

RURA Tenders

Website of Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority lists active tenders

Webpage/Web Article

REG Tenders

Website of Rwanda Energy Group lists tenders for energy projects

Webpage/Web Article

Pay as you go solar PV in Rwanda

Lessons learned from implementation of a project on solar home systems with USAID support