ISA COUNTRIES

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc. Country-specific information

ISA Infopedia

ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.

Myanmar

0.055 GW
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The Republic of the Union of Myanmar is a country in South-East Asia with a total area of 676,578 km2 and a population of 54.33 million. Around 70% of its population is settled in rural areas the remaining 30% is settled in urban areas. Naypyidaw is the capital and Burmese is the official language.

Myanmar’s economy is less developed compared to other countries in the region and is primarily dependent on agriculture either directly or indirectly such as transporting, processing, marketing, and exporting agricultural goods.

With approximately 47%of Myanmar covered by forests and mangrove swamps biomass proves to be a promising natural energy resource. The hydropower potential is estimated to be more than 100,000 megawatts (MW) in terms of installed capacity. As of March 2019, the total installed capacity was 5,402 MW with hydropower being the major share of 59.6 %.

Myanmar has a strong solar radiation level, reaching more than 6.5 kWh/m2 and collecting up to 1.9 MWh annually on a square meter, and 60% of the land area appears suitable for photovoltaics. Due to its mountainous terrain and protected areas, Myanmar’s maximum solar power potential is estimated at about 40 terawatt-hours per year. The solar energy potential drops during the rainy season but compensates for the decline of power production from hydropower and wind sources during the dry season.

However, despite having good resources the country’s energy sector has been underdeveloped due to a lack of financial and technical capacity and currently, around 53% of population does not have access to modern sources of electricity. In late 2015, Myanmar’s Government approved its National Electrification Plan (NEP) which aspires to achieve universal electricity by 2030 by means of a sector-wide approach involving:

  • Grid extension
  • Pre-electrification in rural areas prior to the arrival of the national grid
  • Permanent mini-grid and off-grid connections in remote areas

One of the first large-scale solar power plants of 20 MW capacity was commissioned in August 2019 in the Minbu township and another 20 MW of Minbu Solar Power Plant is expected to come online by the end of September 2019. Other existing projects include off-grid options such as Solar Home Systems (SHS), which have reached 2,700 villages in 95 townships, benefiting nearly 140,000 households. A further 186 schools and 524 health centers have access to electricity, and eight pilot hybrid-solar mini-grids were delivered in 2017.

Photovoltaic Map: 
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 
Webpage/Web Article

QTC Energy unit buys 15% stake in GEP

Article on Green Earth Power (GEP) developing the massive PV plant in the city of Minbu, Magway Region, in cooperation with Myanmar’s Ministry of Electric Power.

Webpage/Web Article

Work on 220 MW Myanmar PV project underway

Article on Filipino-based energy company looking to acquire up to 20% in the two EPC companies involved for the development of a 220 MW PV project in Myanmar. 

Website

Federation of Myanmar Engineering Societies (Fed.MES)

One of the Federation's missions is to enable engineers and architects all over the country to actively participate in harmony in the development and dissemination of engineering and architectural knowledge and in nation-building tasks.

Website

Department of Rural Development (DRD)

The DRD's vision is in accordance with the goal of sustainable development and it is expected to develop the rural areas through the national electrification project carried out outside the power grid and rural power planning activities.

Website

Ministry of Industry (MoIN)

The Ministry is responsible for carrying out energy audits and participated in the development of the National Energy Efficiency Program. 

Website

Ministry of Electricity and Energy (MOEE)

MOEE is the overarching focal point of the whole energy and power sector in Myanmar and it has 11 departments catering to separate sources of energy and power in the country. 

Webpage/Web Article

National Electrification project

This page presents the current electricity supply and the proposed electricity supply for the development of the country's electric sector with a view to achieve 100 % electricity access to all regions of Myanmar.

Legal/Regulatory Document

National Renewable Energy Policy

This National Renewable Energy Policy describes the intention and orientation of the Government of Myanmar for the renewable energy sector. 

Legal/Regulatory Document

National Energy Policy 2014

The National Energy Policy was developped with the aim to ensure energy security for the sustainable economic development in the country and to provide affordable and reliable energy supply to all categories of consumers, especially to those living in the remote areas that are currently without electricity. 

Legal/Regulatory Document

Myanmar Energy Master Plan

The plan envisioned a 15% - 20% share of renewable energy in 2020 in the total installed capacity, most of which will be used to advance rural renewable energy purposes. The preferred energy scenario shows energy generation mix of 57% hydropower, 30% coal, 8% natural gas and 5% solar and wind by 2030. The present Plan did not enter into implementation phase as ADB’s TA programme was expired. However, the National Electricity Master Plan also identifies Renewable Energy target (excluding hydro) of 2000 MW by 2030 which is 9% of the total generation mix. 

Webpage/Web Article

Burma - Energy

Overview of the country and investment opportunities in Myanmar. 

Report

Myanmar Energy Guide 2018

The energy guide 2018 sets the energy context of the country and highlights investment opportunities and government rules and regulations on Foreign investment. 

Website

Myanmar Interactive Map

This website presents an interactive map of the country where one can visualize data of the current status of electrification in three selected states and regions of Myanmar: Mandalay, Magway and Sagaing and it also presents renewable energy potentials to showcase the off-grid investment potential. 

Report

Myanmar Energy Consumption Surveys Report

The objective of this report is to present the results of a household energy consumption survey and a private industry energy consumption survey for Myanmar that were conducted in 2014 and their emerging results. 

Website

EUROCHAM Myanmar

Lists tenders across sectors for Myanmar. 

Website

Bid Detail Myanmar

Lists tenders across sectors in Myanmar. 

Website

Myanmar Energy Monitor

Myanmar Energy Monitor is a private website that lists all energy and power-related tenders, spanning engineering, construction, equipment and materials supply, transportation and distribution, renewables, power generation, and investment or development partnership opportunities in the country. 

Report

Developing Renewable Energy Grids in Myanmar

This report documents the experiences and lessons learned from the Off-Grid Renewable Energy Demonstration Project, an ADB technical assistance project in Myanmar, which was financed by the Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction.