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ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.

Republic of Madagascar

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Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world situated off the southeast coast of Africa. Having developed in isolation, the island nation is famed for its unique wildlife. The total area of Madagascar is 592,800 km2 and it had a population of 25.6 million in 2017. The capital is Antananarivo and French is the official language.

After years of political and economic instability, magnified by the military coup in 2009, Madagascar is slowly recovering. The island is still a very poor country in 2018. The main economic resources of Madagascar are tourism, textiles, agriculture and mining. The economy is largely driven by the secondary sector (export processing zones, agro-industry, fisheries, and metal and wood industries) and the service sector (banking, tourism, transport, insurance and construction). Agricultural products (vanilla, coffee, cacao, tobacco) contribute to more than 70% to the country’s exports. Madagascar is highly vulnerable to natural disasters, including cyclones, droughts, and flooding. Madagascar has one of the world's largest reserves of titanium, as well as important reserves of chromate, coal, iron, cobalt, copper, nickel and sapphire.

Only 17% of the country has access to electricity. Madagascar’s electricity mainly comes from hydroelectric and thermal production. Although the hydroelectric potential of the country is tremendous, its exploitation remains limited. A majority of Madagascar’s renewable energy potential remains unharnessed. The country has high hydro, solar, and wind potential and considerable biomass resources. In its New Energy Policy (NEP), the government identified an ambition to produce 85% of the country’s power from renewable sources by 2030.

The rural areas predominantly use firewood and charcoal as fuel sources. Madagascar has a large solar energy potential. Almost all regions of Madagascar receive over 2,800 hours of sunshine per year, with the daily solar radiation ranging from 1,500 to 2,100 kWh/m2. PV systems are utilized for powering public buildings such as health clinics, as well as off-grid community electrification solutions. 

 

NFP Details: 

Mr. RAKOTOFIRINGA JEAN MARC AUGUSTE

Director of Studies and Planning 

Directorate General of Energy 

Ministry of Energy and hydrocarbons.

Tel: +261 32 04 139 98 

Mail: dir.dep.meh@gmail.com / dep@energie.gov.mg

Photovoltaic Map: 
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 
Webpage/Web Article

Madagascar wants more off grid solar for rural areas

Article on Madagascar’s Ministry of Energy and Hydrocarbons launching a new campaign to increase awareness about the advantages of off-grid solar solutions among the country’s rural communities. 

Webpage/Web Article

Madagascar introduces fiscal break for solar PV

Article on introduction of VAT and custom duty exemption for the imports of PV components and 50% reduction on the tax it imposes on the revenue generated by residential and commercial PV systems.

Webpage/Web Article

The force of the Sun

Article on Scaling Solar program for Madagascar

Website

JIRAMA

La JIRAMA, est la compagnie nationale d'eau et d'électricité de Madagascar.

Legal/Regulatory Document

Lettre de Politique de l’Energie de Madagascar 2015-2030

Cette lettre reflète la volonté du Gouvernement d’assainir la scène énergétique et de fournir un cadre favorable aux investissements dans le secteur notamment en tirant profit des nouvelles technologies qui permettraient des économies énergétiques considérables.

Legal/Regulatory Document

LOI N° 98-032: Réforme du Secteur de l’Électricité.

La loi sur l'électricité a établi un cadre institutionnel complet pour réformer le secteur de l'électricité et ouvert le marché de l'électricité à des opérateurs autres que la JIRAMA. 

Webpage/Web Article

Madagascar Profile

Overview of the energy sector

Webpage/Web Article

IRENA RE Resource

IRENA resources on renewable energy

Webpage/Web Article

HERi Madagascar: Up scaling the energy kiosk concept

The article focuses on the experience of HERi Madagascar, a social enterprise that develops energy access solutions for the most vulnerable rural populations, through the implementation of a network of solar energy kiosks throughout the country