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ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.

Republic of Kiribati

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Kiribati is a nation in the central Pacific Ocean comprising 33 coral atolls and islands spanning an area of 3.5 million km2 of ocean with a land area of about 810 km2. The permanent population is about 110,000 spread over 24 islands, with more than half living on South Tarawa Atoll.

Kiribati is considered as one of the least developed countries in the world. Kiribati’s primary commercial income comes from fishing and coconut products. Kiribati gets a large portion of its income from abroad which include fishing licenses, development assistance, worker remittances and tourism. The country is one of the most vulnerable countries to the adverse impacts of climate change.

Kiribati, like other Small Island Developing States (SIDS) depends on imported oil products to meet the vast majority of its energy needs. This dependence makes Kiribati extremely vulnerable to oil price volatility.

The whole island is divided into three zones for the purpose of electricity service: South Tarawa, Kiritimati and Outer Islands. South Tarawa has the highest demand of electricity with an installed capacity of 4.8 MW of diesel generation and 1.45 MWp of PV in the year 2017. Kiritimati Island has the second largest electricity demand with total generation estimated at 1.65 GWh in 2014 .There are a number of PV and hybrid systems in Kiritimati . The Outer Islands are mainly powered by many small power systems which ranges from solar household systems (SHS) to solar maneaba (community meeting halls) systems.

Apart from imported oil products, bio energy and solar are the two main sources of energy. In 2014, the reliance on imported petroleum fuel was 63% with renewable energy sources accounting for the remaining 37%. Other technologies may in future allow extraction of energy from the ocean (OTEC, wave and ocean currents), but at this stage are not considered commercially proven.

The level of solar energy is very good with estimates for some islands indicating over 6kWh/m2/day; solar water heating and solar PV are renewable energy technologies used. Electricity in rural areas mostly comes from solar systems like solar home systems. The Solar Energy Company (KSEC) has been installing solar energy systems in Kiribati since 1984.

The Kiribati Integrated Energy Roadmap, 2017-25 highlights the increase in the use of renewable technologies mainly solar for desalination of ocean water and deployment of more solar PV and battery storage plants. The following renewable energy targets have been adopted by Kiribati as official policy goals:

The goal for Tarawa is a 45% reduction in fossil fuel use by 2025. 23% of this goal will be achieved through deployment of renewable energy and 22% through improvements in energy efficiency.

The goal for Kiritimati is a 60% reduction in fossil fuels by 2025. 40% is to be achieved through deployment of renewable energy and 20% through improvements in energy efficiency.

The goal for the Outer Islands is a 60% reduction in fossil fuel use in all rural public infrastructure, including Southern Kiribati Hospital and ice plants, (40% through deployment of renewable energy and 20% through improvements in energy efficiency) by 2025.

NFP Details: 

Mr. Kireua Bureimoa

Energy Planner, MISE

P.O Box 498, Betio, Tarawa, Kiribati.

Tel: +686 26143 +686 73087325 (Mob)

Mail: kbkaiea@mise.gov.ki / kbkaiea@gmail.com

Photovoltaic Map: 
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 
Website

Ministry of Infrastructure and Sustainable Energy (MISE)

MPWU’s Strategic Plan provides guidance for the delivery of the Ministry’s activities relating to national infrastructure development and provision of public utilities and services over the period 2016-2019.

Website

Kiribati Ministry of Environment, Lands & Agriculture Development (MELAD)

The MELAD promotes joint working to nurture and deliver clean, green and blue services to ensure sustainable development for the people of Kiribati. The Environment Conservation Division looks after all the climate change, wildlife, environmental aspects etc.

Website

Kiribati Solar Energy Company (KSEC)

The KSEC is an incorporated company largely owned by the Government. It is involved in renewable energy, particularly sale or lease of solar PV systems and relevant components. 

Website

Public Utilities Board (PUB)

The PUB is a statutory authority responsible for provision of power, water supply and sewerage services for South Tarawa and the provision, operation and maintenance of all assets associated with service delivery.

Webpage/Web Article

Energy Planning Unit (EPU)

The EPU is responsible for coordinating the implementation of energy policies and providing necessary advice and assistance on all energy activities and energy-related matters.

Website

Ministry of Public Work and Utilities (MPWU)

The main functions of the MPWU are the regulation of Public Utilities Service, the Construction and Maintenance of Roads and Highways, the Technical and Civil Engineering Services and the Energy Management including the Solar Energy Company. 

Legal/Regulatory Document

National Framework for Climate Change and Change Adaptation

The main concerns towards a changing climate in Kiribati relate to:  Rising sea levels, Increasing sea surface temperatures and changes to weather patterns. The  latter are addressed by the National Framework for CC and CA by taking into consideration the following main areas: Mitigation, External financial and technical assistance,   Population and resettlement, Governance and services and finally Survivability and self-reliance.

Legal/Regulatory Document

Kiribati Development Plan 2016-2019 (KDP)

The vision of the 2016-19 KDP is oriented “Towards a better educated, healthier, more prosperous nation with a higher quality of life’". One of the main stated objectives is the development and promotion of the use of RE in all sectors of the economy including the implementation of the Kiribati Integrated Energy Roadmap.

Legal/Regulatory Document

Kiribati Joint Implementation Plan 2014-2023 (KJIP)

The goal of the KJIP is to increase resilience through sustainable climate change adaption and disaster risk reduction by using a whole new country approach and promoting the use of sustainable renewable sources of energy and energy efficiency. 

Legal/Regulatory Document

Kiribati National Energy Policy

The National Energy Policy's main objective is to make available, accessible, reliable, affordable, clean and sustainable energy options for the enhancement of economic growth and the improvement of livelihoods in Kiribati.

Legal/Regulatory Document

Kiribati Integrated Energy Roadmap 2017-2025 (KIER)

The KIER comprises a policy framework with specific targets and a set of priority actions, with associated cost estimates and specific timelines. The KIER presents a packaged plan of institutional, policy, regulatory, technical, financial and capacity-building actions that, collectively, will enable the Government of Kiribati to achieve its energy objectives, in line with the Kiribati Development Plan 2012-2015 (Government of Kiribati, 2012).

Legal/Regulatory Document

Environment Act (Act 9 of 1999 amended in 2007)

Provides for the protection, improvement and conservation of the Kiribati environment and is supplemented by Environmental Regulations (2001).

 

Webpage/Web Article

Climate Investment Funds: Kiribati

This webpage dedicated to Kiribati provides information for potential investors. 

Webpage/Web Article

Kiribati Climate Change profile

The PCCP offers valuable information on Kiribati's context regarding climate change and the environment. 

Webpage/Web Article

Kiribati Country Profile

The Global Green Growth Institute provides data on the country's context and also offers a News section. 

Webpage/Web Article

Kiribati Country Data

Country profile across sectors including on energy security

Presentation

Case Study: Tarawa Solar Hybrid Farm

Case study on the cost savings and impacts of the Tarawa solar hybrid farms.