The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc. Country-specific information

ISA Infopedia

ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.


29.550 GW
India Solar Energy
India Solar Energy

India is the seventh-largest country in the world located in South Asia with a total area of 3.3 million km2. India has a population of 1.3 billion, and major languages spoken are English, Hindi and 22 other officially recognized languages. The country is densely populated, and the capital is New Delhi.

India is considered a developing mixed economy and is the world's seventh largest economy by nominal GDP. The largest contributors to the economy are the services sector, which contributes about 54% on account of IT and business process outsourcing exports, followed by the industrial sector at 29% and the agriculture sector at 17%, which employs nearly half the population.

India is currently reliant on fossil fuels, with nearly 63% of the electricity generated by thermal power plants, hydroelectric, nuclear and a significant 22% from renewable sources such as solar, wind and biomass. India is one of the countries with the largest production of energy from renewable sources. Despite rapid strides in power capacity addition, only 93% of the population is connected to electricity, implying that 90 million households have inadequate access to electricity. India's energy demand is driven primarily by the industrial and transport sector.  

Energy access is an overarching priority for the country and the national energy policy reflects that priority, and the development of renewables to achieve that. The government has set am ambitious target of reaching 175 GW of installed capacity from renewable sources by 2022, which includes 100 GW of solar and 60 GW of wind power capacity.

Fiscal incentives include feed-in tariffs and generation-based incentives, preferential tax treatment through accelerated depreciation, tax holidays and duty exemption, incentives to promote R&D, demand stimulation (renewable purchase obligations, renewable energy certificate and finally, manufacturing-linked incentives in the form of domestic content requirements, technology transfer and investment promotion schemes.

Solar power in India is a fast developing industry. The country's solar installed capacity reached 20 GW in February 2018. India expanded its solar-generation capacity 8 times from 2,650 MW on 26 May 2014 to over 20 GW as on 31 January 2018. The 20 GW capacity was initially targeted for 2022 but the government achieved the target four years ahead of schedule. The country added 3 GW of solar capacity in 2015-2016, 5 GW in 2016-2017 and over 10 GW in 2017-2018, with the average current price of solar electricity dropping to 18% below the average price of its coal-fired counterpart.

In January 2015 the Indian government expanded its solar plans, targeting US$100 billion in investment and 100 GW of solar capacity (including 40 GW from rooftop solar) by 2022.India's initiative of 100 GW of solar energy by 2022 is an ambitious target, since the world's installed solar-power capacity in 2017 is expected to be 303 GW. The improvements in solar thermal storage power technology in recent years has made this task achievable as the cheaper solar power need not depend on costly and polluting coal/gas/nuclear based power generation for ensuring stable grid operation.

In addition to its large-scale grid-connected solar PV initiative, India is developing off-grid solar power for local energy needs. Solar products have increasingly helped to meet rural needs; by the end of 2015 just under one million solar lanterns were sold in the country, reducing the need for kerosene. That year, 118,700 solar home lighting systems were installed and 46,655 solar street lighting installations were provided under a national program; just over 1.4 million solar cookers were distributed in India.

A report published by the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) found that India installed 10 GW of solar in 2017, almost double its record in 2016. Crucially, India’s “Scheme for Development of Solar Parks” has proven successful at attracting foreign capital toward construction of the world’s largest ultra-mega solar parks.

With about 300 clear and sunny days in a year, the calculated solar energy incidence on India's land area is about 5000 trillion kilowatt-hours (kWh) per year (or 5 EWh/yr). The solar energy available in a single year exceeds the possible energy output of all of the fossil fuel energy reserves in India. The daily average solar-power-plant generation capacity in India is 0.20 kWh per m2 of used land area, equivalent to 1400–1800 peak (rated) capacity operating hours in a year with available, commercially-proven technology.

NFP Details: 

Dr. P. C. Maithani
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
Government of India

Photovoltaic Map: 
Photovoltaic electricity output India
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Global horizontal irradiation India
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 
Direct normal irradiation India
Webpage/Web Article

ENGIE’s renewable energy capacity exceeds 1.5 GW in India

The article talks about the rising renewable energy portfolio of the ENGIE group. The group has been awarded three renewable energy projects namely:

  • 200 MW onshore wind project in Gujarat be SECI
  • 280 MW solar PV project in Gujarat by GUVNL.
  • 338 MW solar PV project in Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh.
Webpage/Web Article

Tata Power plans InvIT for its renewable energy portfolio

Tata power plans to separate off its 3 GW renewable energy portfolio by establishing infrastructure investment trust. It seeks to raise $750 million-1 billion of equity from infrastructure-focused investors. 

Webpage/Web Article

Shapoorji Pallonji’s solar EPC business announces ₹3,125 crore public offer

The promoters of Shapoorji Pallonji’s EPC business called Sterling and Wilson Solar Ltd. are offloading shares worth INR 20.83 billion and INR10. 41 billion in a recent IPO. The net proceeds of the share sale will be utilized by the promoters to settle loans of the company.

Webpage/Web Article

India’s RE cost the lowest in Asia-Pacific.

This article is about rapidly decreasing cost of solar power generation in India due to extensive solar resource, market scale and competition. As per the article, the cost of solar electricity is 14 per cent cheaper than the traditional coal fired electricity.



Villgro was founded in 2001 by Paul Basil with the mission of incubating early‐stage, innovative businesses that has an impact on the lives of the poor in India. It has incubated over 200 businesses so far.


SELCO Foundation

The SELCO Foundation is located in Bangalore and was founded in 2010 as an open source, not for profit, public charitable trust. The main objective of the foundation is to inspire and support an ecosystem of sustainable development across the world.


Solar Pumps Tool by CEEW

A decision support tool for evaluating the potential of solar-powered irrigation in India.


NTPC Limited

NTPC is a public sector company wholly owned by Government of India. Its core business is generation and sale of electricity to state-owned power distribution companies and State Electricity Boards in India.


Solar Energy Corporation of India Limited (SECI)

SECI is a company under the administrative control of MNRE that helps facilitate the implementation of National Solar Mission and many other government schemes like solar park scheme and grid-connected solar rooftop scheme.


Central Electricity Authority

CEA provides technical support base to all stakeholders in the power sector, supports Ministry of Power for forming policies, and carries out project monitoring to disseminate power sector information.


Ministry of Commerce & Industry

The Department formulates, implements and monitors the Foreign Trade Policy which provides the basic framework of policy and strategy to be followed for exporting exports and trade.


Ministry of Finance

The Ministry concerns itself with taxation, financial legislation, financial institutions, capital markets, center and state finances, and the Union Budget. 


Ministry of Power

The Ministry is concerned with perspective planning, policy formulation, processing of projects for investment decision, monitoring of the implementation of power projects and enactment of legislation regarding thermal, hydro power generation, transmission and distribution.

Legal/Regulatory Document

Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (Terms and Conditions for recognition and issuance of Renewable Energy Certificate for Renewable Energy Generation) Regulations, 2010.

As per the powers conferred by the Electricity Act, 2003, CERC provides for regulations for the development of renewable energy markets in India. The instruments used for the purpose are:

  • Renewable purchase obligation- Obligated entity are bound to purchase a certain percentage of their energy requirement by renewable energy sources. The percentages are set by various SERCs based on each state’s varying energy potentials.
  • Renewable energy certificates- Instruments representing renewable energy which are aimed at addressing the mismatch of renewable energy resources in the states and their RPO requirements
Legal/Regulatory Document

Electricity Act, 2003.

This is an act to consolidate the laws relating to generation, transmission, distribution, trading and use of electricity. It provides for a legal framework for taking measures conducive to development of electricity industry.

Legal/Regulatory Document

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM) Scheme

Kusum Scheme is announced in 2019 and targets farmers as beneficiaries. Its main aim is to promote decentralised solar power production through solar agriculture water pumps and solarisation of existing grid connected agriculture pumps. The scheme targets an addition of 25,750 MW of solar capacity by 2022


National Wind Solar Hybrid Policy

Ministry of New & Renewable Energy issued draft National Wind-solar Hybrid Policy in June 2016. The Policy has been finalized after having detailed consultation with stakeholder


Power Finance Corporation Ltd. (PFC)

PFC is a leading non-banking financial corporation of India. It provides financial assistance to power projects across India including generation, transmission, distribution and RM&U projects.

Webpage/Web Article

NITI Aayog

NITI Aayog is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India, providing both directional and policy inputs.

Webpage/Web Article

Invest India: Renewable Energy sector

Invest India is a national investment promotion and facilitation agency which focuses on sector-specific (here, renewables) investor targeting and development of new partnerships to enable sustainable investments in India.

Webpage/Web Article

Month-wise RECs Report

Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) of India

Webpage/Web Article

Lok Sabha’s (House of People) Questions

A repository of all the questions asked during the Question Hour of Lok Sabha (House of the People) to a Minister to answer for his or her administration’s acts of omission and commission. Most of the answer statements are backed by statistics and factual data.

Webpage/Web Article

CEEW-CEF Intelligence

It captures the intelligence on solar power installation, electricity generation from solar, and other important indicators for India as well as different states in India.

Webpage/Web Article

MSEDCL Tenders

Tender portal of Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Company Limited (MSEDCL), the largest electricity distribution utility of India.

Webpage/Web Article

EESL India Tenders

A list of latest and archived tenders released by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL)

Webpage/Web Article

GUVNL Tenders

Tenders released by Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam Limited (GUVNL)

Webpage/Web Article

NTPC Tenders

NTPC’s tender website publishes Notice Inviting Tenders (NITs)

Webpage/Web Article

SECI's Tenders

List of tenders released by Solar Energy Corporation of India Limited (SECI) over the years. 


Renewable energy beyond electricity

The report is a compendium of innovative renewable energy applications, pilot projects, new technologies and business models. The report enlists 14 diverse case-studies which brings out the experiences of different stakeholders in rural, urban and industrial level.


Portable Micro Inverter of 150 W for Rural Applications

CLEAN along with Emsys Electronics has developed a portable micro inverter which can provide power upto 150 Watts. Most inverters in India are available in 650 W and therefore this micro inverter can provide power to consumers at an economical rate.


Report on Clean Energy Investment Trends 2019

The report highlights the investment landscape in renewable power industry. It tracks the risk perceptions of Solar PV and wind projects among the debt financiers from 2014 to 2018. It also explores emerging challenges facing the solar park model which has been a key driver in India’s energy transition.  


Report on Access to Clean Cooking Energy and Electricity – Survey of States (ACCESS)

The access survey is India’s largest energy access survey. The survey provides multi-dimensional evaluation of the state of energy access in India like quality, affordability, reliability and availability. It covers more than 8500 households spread across 714 villages and 51 districts, in Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal.


Best Practices Manual for Implementation of State-Level Rooftop Solar Photovoltaic Programmes in India

This Manual is prepared for the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India in order to assist in achieving the National Solar Mission’s rooftop solar photovoltaic installation target of 40,000 megawatts by 2022. This Manual is prepared by the Gujarat Energy Research and Management Institute (GERMI) and the USAID’s PACE-D Technical Assistance Programme. The Manual is prepared under MNRE’s Administrative Approval No. 30/11/2012-12/NSM dated June 26, 2014 and Letter No. 03/21/2014-15/GCRT dated May 18, 2015.

This manual is also supported by the American People through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). The contents of this report are the sole responsibility of Nexant, Inc. and do not necessarily reflect the views of USAID or the United States Government. This report was prepared under Contract Number AID-386-C-12-00001.