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The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc. Country-specific information

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ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.

Republic of Ghana

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The Republic of Ghana is an English-speaking country located in Western Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea, with an area of about 238,500 km2. It has a population of 29.6 million that is concentrated in the southern half of the country, with the highest concentration being on or near the Atlantic Coast. This middle- income country is rich in natural resources and the economy is driven by the extractive industry in oil, gas and mining, agriculture and the service sectors.

The dominant source of energy in Ghana is hydropower while the remaining energy comes from thermal plants. The country is looking to diversify its power resources, as the current reliance on hydropower makes it prone to droughts. However, the Ghana Renewable Energy Master Plan (REMP) released in 2019, aims to increase the proportion of renewable energy in national energy generation from 42.5 MW in 2015 to 1363 MW by 2030. According to the Renewable Energy Act, 2011, the government is also targeting that 10 % of power generation comes from renewable sources by 2020.

Ghana receives an average solar irradiation of 4.5-6 kWh/m2/day with the highest levels in the north and the amount of sunshine ranges from 1,800-3,000 hours annually. As a result, northern Ghana has excellent solar isolation levels and is ideal for solar PV generation. As of 2015, utility scale solar accounted for 0.6 % of total installed capacity. According to REMP, at the end of the first phase of implementation by 2020, the government is targeting the installation of 152 MW of utility scale, 20 MW of distributed PV, 10 MW of standalone PV and 7 MW of street lighting projects, among others.

The 2015 Scaling-up Renewable Energy Programme investment plan of the government announced investments of USD 230 million to be used for mini-grids and standalone solar photovoltaic systems, solar PV-based net metering with storage, and utility-scale solar PV and wind power generation. The World Bank funded USD 4.35 million to Ghana in 2009 as part of the Global Partnership on Output-Based Aid in 2009 to provide electricity access to off-grid areas in Ghana through solar home systems (SHSs) and PV lanterns. The government successfully supported the purchase of 8,831 SHSs and 7,991 lanterns for 16,500 households.

The government launched a National Rooftop Solar programme in 2016 for residential and commercial buildings with the objective of providing a capital subsidy to households to install 200,000 rooftop solar PV systems up to 500 W on residential buildings. As of March 2017, about 1,200 homeowners were given approvals for solar panels.The new government in 2017 re-launched the programme as "Government Goes Solar" (GGS) programme for government and residential buildings. Under the GGS programme, rebates will be provided for the cost of the solar panel and the applicants need only pay for the cost of the balance of system (BOS) components such as inverters, batteries, etc. PV systems installed under the programme can sell excess power generated to the local grid through a net metering scheme. The EC had a goal of installing 200 MW capacity under the initiative, which was expanded to cover non-residential facilities. The first step saw the installation of a solar PV system on the Accra offices of GIZ, the German sustainable development firm.

 

The first large-scale solar farm, a 20 MW PV plant, was completed in 2016 by the Chinese technology firm BXC Ghana Ltd., a subsidiary of China-based industrial conglomerate Beijing Fuxing Xiao-Cheng Electronic. The solar plant has been connected to the grid. The only other utility-scale solar PV plant is a 2 MW PV project in Navrongo, the first plant in Ghana, built by the Volta River Authority (VRA) that feeds power into the national grid through the Northern Electricity Distribution Company, which serves Northern Ghana.

Under the REMP, the government has proposed fiscal incentives for renewable energy manufacturing and assembling firms that include tax reduction, exemption of materials, equipment and machinery, that cannot be obtained locally, for manufacturing from VAT and import duty up to 2025, and exemption of import duty on plants and plant parts for electricity generation from renewable energy sources.

The primary state-owned electricity generation utility, Volta River Authority, has secured USD 24.4 million concessional loan facility and received an Environmental Permit from the Ghanaian Environment Protection Authority to finance two utility-scale PV plants of 8 MW and 4 MW capacities in Kaleo and Lawra in the Upper West Region. VRA secured funds from Germany's government-owned development bank KfW.  As per the second phase for 2016-2020 of VRA's Renewable Energy Development Programme, the utility is targeting 100 MW of solar energy.

 

NFP Details: 

Mr. Wisdom Ahiataku-Togobo

Director Renewable & Alternative Energies

Ministry of Energy 

Tel: +233 302 667151 Mob: +233 208139326

Mail: watogobo@gmail.com

http://www.energymin.gov.gh

 

Photovoltaic Map: 
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 

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Ministry of Energy

The Ministry is responsible for policy formulation, monitoring and evaluation, and implementation of government programmes.

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