The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc. Country-specific information

ISA Infopedia

ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

0.014 GW

Ethiopia, a country in the northeastern part of Africa, popularly known as the Horn of Africa, is among one of the fastest developing nations on the continent. In terms of population, the country is home to over 100 million people, which makes it the second most populous country in Africa that covers a total area of 1,100,000 km². In the year 2016, the rural population constituted 80.08% of the total population. The capital is Addis Ababa and major languages spoken are Oromo, Amharic and Somali. English and Arabic are taught as foreign languages.

The economy of Ethiopia is a mixed and transitionning economy with a large public sector. It is the fastest growing economy in the region. However, it is also one of the poorest, with a per capita income of USD 783. Ethiopia aims to reach lower-middle-income status by 2025, which includes aggressive power generation and connections targets.

Despite Ethiopia’s abundant natural resources and huge energy potential, the country is experiencing energy shortages as it struggles to meet the growing electricity demand, with an access to electricity of only 45% in 2017.

Ethiopia’s power generation mix consists almost entirely of renewable energy sources. In 2018, the bulk of Ethiopia’s 4.5 GW of power generating capacity came from 14 hydropower plants, which accounts for 85% of the country’s total capacity, making it the main energy source. Other than hydropower, the country also has three wind farms, collectively generating 324 MW, and a few diesel plants, generating 143 MW, with the rest being generated by solar power , geothermal power (7.5 MW) and other renewables.

The hydro dominated systems have been severely affected by drought, and the Government of Ethiopia (GOE) is now diversifying the generation mix with other sources such as solar, wind and geothermal that will result in a more climate-resilient power system.

Ethiopia receives a solar irradiation of 5000 – 7000 Wh/m² according to region and season and thus has great potential for the use of solar energy. The average solar radiation is more or less uniform, around 5.2 kWh/m2/day. Next, to the PV and Solar Home Systems, there is also a market for solar water heating (SWH) systems that is growing steadily in Addis Ababa in the recent years.

The Ethiopian government’s Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) II outlines very ambitious targets, such as increasing the energy generation capacity from 4.5 GW in 2017 to 17.3 GW by 2020, and getting the country’s electrification rate to 100% by 2025. The most significant foreign energy partner in Ethiopia is the Power Africa initiative. It was launched by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in 2013 with the goal of establishing 30,000 MW of energy generation capacity across Africa. Another significant international initiative is the Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP) which is based in Ethiopia. The EAPP facilitates cross border grid connections and mandates the establishment of common codes and standards. Ethiopia is also part of the World Bank Group’s ‘Scaling Solar’ program, which aims to further develop renewable energy sources, especially solar energy.


NFP Details: 

H.E. Dr. Frehiwot Woldehanna

State Minister of Water, Irrigation and Electricity, Addis Ababa

Email: -contact

Photovoltaic Map: 
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 
Webpage/Web Article

Gigawatt Global and Energiya to install 100 MW of PV

Article on The Dutch-U.S. solar developer and the Israeli company teaming up to construct 10 solar power plants with a capacity of 10 MW each at several university campuses in Ethiopia.

Webpage/Web Article

New standards to regulate solar panels

Article on new national standard for the small-scale solar home system (SHS) with the primary aim of regulating the quality of imported items.

Webpage/Web Article

Ethiopia kicks off Scaling Solar Round 2

Article on the initiation of the Scaling Solar Round 2 tender by the Ministry of Finance which issued a Request for Pre-Qualification for up to 500 MW of solar photovoltaic energy projects. 

Webpage/Web Article

Ethiopia and Renewable Energy: Sustainable Choice

Article on Scaling Solar Program in Ethiopia, a program sponsored by the World Bank that provides financial assistance to emerging countries for solar energy.


Public-Private Partnerships Directorate

The PPP Directorate is under the Ministry of Finance and is responsible for the tender process for solar projects under Scaling Solar IFC programme. 


Ethiopian Electric Utility (EEU)

The EEU has been playing a significant role in delivering accessible, reliable and equitable electric power. It is in charge of undertaking the construction of off grid electricity lines and expand the current national grid. 


Development Bank of Ethiopia (DBE)

The Development Bank of Ethiopia is a specialized financial institution established to promote the national development agenda through development finance and close technical support to viable projects from the priority areas of the government by mobilizing fund from domestic and foreign sources while ensuring its sustainability. It acts as a financial intermediary between the Rural Electrification Fund and Project Promoters.


Ethiopia Standards Agency (ESA)

ESA is a governmental non-profit organization and the sole National Standards Body (NSB). Its three core business areas are focused on the standard formulation, training and Technical support, and organizing and disseminating standards, Conformity assessment procedures and Technical regulation. 


Ethiopian Electric Power (EEP)

The EEP is a public enterprise which purpose is to produce, transmit, distribute and sell electricity in the country. 


Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity (MOWIE)

MOWIE is responsible for managing Ethiopia’s water and energy resources, policies, strategies and programs from drafting and implementing water and energy sector laws and regulations to conducting study and research activities and providing technical support to regional water and energy bureaus as well as signing international agreements.

Legal/Regulatory Document

National Electrification Program 2.0

This program represents the action plan for achieving universal electricity access nationwide by 2025, in a strategic, comprehensive as well as efficient and transparent manner, for the benefit of all Ethiopia's citizens.

Legal/Regulatory Document

Growth Transformation Plan (GTP) 2011-2015

The plan promotes Green Development Strategy with the aim of meeting the demand for energy in the country by providing sufficient and reliable power supply.

Legal/Regulatory Document

National Energy Policy of Ethiopia

The aim of the National Energy Policy is to develop and utilize the country's energy resources on the basis of Ethiopia's overall development strategy along with the introduction of energy conservation and efficiency strategy.

Legal/Regulatory Document

Climate Resilient Green Economy Strategy 2011

The Climate-Resilient Green Economy Strategy was initiated by the Government of Ethiopia in order to protect the country from the adverse effects of climate change and to build a green economy that will help realise its ambition of reaching middleincome status before 2025.


Ethiopian Investment Commission (EIC)

This website provides all necessary information for investing in Ethiopia including the process and available opportunities. 

Webpage/Web Article

PPIAF activities in Ethiopia

The Public – Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility (PPIAF) is a multi-donor technical assistance facility. This webpage gives a snapshot of all of the facility's projects and activities in Ethiopia. 


UNIDO Country Overview: Ethiopia

The UNIDO Country Overview provides information on ongoing projects in the country, its thematic priorities in terms of implementation and the main donors for projects taking place in Ethiopia along with other statistics. 

Webpage/Web Article

Ethiopia energy statistics and policy database

Provides an overview of policies in place for the energy sector in Ethiopia and energy statistics. 

Webpage/Web Article

Ethiopia Energy Dashboard

The Global Energy Network Institute (GENI) provides a National Energy Dashboard which includes an overview of Ethiopia's Electricity Grid, its Regional Renewable Energy Potential, its Millennium Development Goals and Electricity Statistics.


Scaling Solar Ethiopia

Project website for Scaling Solar that lists updates on bids and qualifications. 

Journal Article

SWOT Analysis of Solar Energy in Ethiopia

A case study published in the Journal of Environment Pollution and Management on a SWOT analysis of the solar energy sector ion Ethiopia.