The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc. Country-specific information

ISA Infopedia

ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.

Arab Republic of Egypt

1.200 GW
Benban solar plant - Source: Egypt Today
Benban solar plant - Egypt Today

The Arab Republic of Egypt is a populous country in North Africa and the Arab region and home to one of the fastest-growing populations globally with a population of 97.55 million and an area of 1,001,450 km2. The main spoken language is Arabic, and the population is mainly concentrated along the narrow Nile Valley and Delta. About 99% of the population uses around 5.5% of the total land area.

Egypt is a lower-middle income country and economic activity is concentrated in the services, industrial and agricultural sectors, with respective contributions of 55%, 33% and 12% to gross domestic product (GDP).

Egypt’s fossil fuel energy resource endowments (including oil, natural gas and negligible amounts of low-quality coal) are limited. As of end-2014, total proven reserves of petroleum energy (crude oil and natural gases) stood at about 14.8 billion barrels of oil equivalent, of which 3.4 billion were in the form of crude oil and about 11.4 billion of natural gas.

Egypt has an abundant resource of renewable energy: mainly hydro, wind, solar and biomass. Hydro power is the third largest energy source after natural gas and oil. As of 2019, the installed capacity of hydro power in the country was 2,842 MW contributing to about 8% of the total electricity generation mix. Most of the country’s hydroelectricity comes from the Aswan High Dam and the Aswan Reservoir Dams across the Nile River. The Gulf of Suez has abundant wind power resources and an installed capacity of 1130 MW in 2019.

Egypt has the benefit of favorable solar radiation intensity. The country enjoys between 2,900 and 3,200 hours of sunshine annually, with an annual direct normal intensity of 1,970 - 3,200 kWh/m2 and a total radiation intensity varying between 2,000 and 3,200 kWh/m2 /year from north to south. Egypt is one of the most suitable regions for exploiting solar energy both for electricity generation and thermal heating applications.

The Renewable Energy strategy aims at increasing the share of generated energy from renewables to 20% out of the total installed capacity in Egypt by 2022, out of which 6% will come from hydro sources, 12% from wind and 2% from solar energy.

The country has a number of solar parks installed, the latest being the Benban Solar Park, financed by the World Bank and other international financing institutions, which is the country’s largest one. The park comprises   32 developers to install 32 power stations across a 37 km2 site with a planned generation capacity of 1465 megawatts of electricity.

NFP Details: 

Dr. Eng. Mohamed Mousa Omran
First Under Secretary for Research, Planning,
Authorities, Companies Follow-up and
International Cooperation.
Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy
Tel: (002) 0222616305, (002) 01000006436


Barakat Fargalla Ahmed, Ph.D
Chief Economist
Department for Africa Affairs
and Nile Basin
Planning, Research and
International Cooperation Sector
Ministry of Electricity &
Renewable Energy
Ramsis st., Abbassia, Cairo.
Tel: +2 010 160 14441 (Mob)

Photovoltaic Map: 
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 
Webpage/Web Article

Vodafone dials in 100% solar power in Egypt

Article on Vodafone's ambition to be the first company in Egypt to go 100% solar. The firm plans to build between 20MW and 25MW of new solar infrastructure by the year 2025


Egyptian Electricity Holding Company (EEHC)

The main goal of the Egyptian Electricity Holding Company is to provide sustainable energy resources to all customers through international best practices.


New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA)

NREA was established to act as the national focal point for expanding efforts to develop and introduce RE technologies to Egypt on a commercial scale, and for implementing the related energy conservation programs. NREA is entrusted to plan and implement renewable energy programs in coordination with other concerned national and international institutions within the framework of its mandate. 


Ministry of Environmental Affairs

In close collaboration with the national and international development partners, the Ministry of Environmental affairs defines the environmental policies, sets priorities and implements initiatives within the context of sustainable development.


Ministry of Electricity and Energy

The Ministry of Electricity and Energy sets the General Plan for Energy Generation, Transmission and Distribution and supervises the study and execution of essential electrical projects. Moreover, the Ministry is responsible for the electricity market regulation and for proposing the electricity tariffs for the various voltage levels and customers. 

Legal/Regulatory Document

Investment Law No. 72 of the year 2017

The Investment Law No. 72 of the year 2017  lays the ground for instigating foreign investment in Egypt. 


Egyptian Renewable Energy Plan

Presentation of the Egyptian RE Plan which aims to increase the share of generated energy from RE to 20% out of the total generated energy in the country by 2022.

Legal/Regulatory Document

Electricity Law 2015

The new law on Electricity provides legislative and regulatory frameworks needed to achieve the electricity market reform targets.

Legal/Regulatory Document

Renewable Energy Law (Decree-Law 203/2014)

Law 203/2014 on the stimulation of producing electricity from Renewable Energy Sources which aims at supporting the creation of a favorable economic environment for a significant increase in RE investment in the country.


Financial Regulatory Authority (FRA)

The FRA website provides investors with all information regarding markets, finance policy and tools and available funds. 


The Egyptian-American Enterprise Fund

The EAEF invests in private enterprises in Egypt that contribute to long-term inclusive and sustainable economic growth. The fund also seeks to attract foreign investors and promote commercial best practices and improved corporate governance. 

Webpage/Web Article

IRENA RE Resource data

IRENA website with country-specific data on RE resources. 

Webpage/Web Article

Energy Statistics

This webpage provides Energy data according to the annual reports of the Egyptian Electricity Holding Company for which the annual reports are also available here. 


Egypt Data Portal

This website provides data for each sector by country, including Egypt. 


Egypt Energy Monitor

Egypt Energy Monitor is a private website that lists all energy and power-related tenders, spanning engineering, construction, equipment and materials supply, transportation and distribution, renewables, power generation, and investment or development partnership opportunities in the country.