The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc. Country-specific information

ISA Infopedia

ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.

Republic of Djibouti

0.000 GW

Djibouti is a small country located in the Horn of Africa. Djibouti occupies a total area of 23,200 km2 and a population of 956,985 in 2017. Djibouti is strategically located near some of the world's busiest shipping lanes, controlling access to the Red Sea and Indian Ocean. More than 70% of the population lives in urban areas, with nearly 60% in the capital, Djibouti City. French, Arabic and Somali are the official languages.

The economy is dominated by the service sector - transport, communications, commerce and tourism. These sectors contribute more than 80% of Djibouti’s gross domestic product (GDP), and employ about 60% of the active population. The primary sector (agriculture and fisheries) contributes to about 3%, while the industrial and manufacturing sector accounts for 17% of GDP. Unemployment in Djibouti is high at 60%, and poverty remains pervasive with nearly 42% of the population living below the absolute poverty line. Access to electricity in 2016 was 51.8%.

Djibouti has no indigenous sources of oil, natural gas, hydropower. Most of the installed capacity of 126 MW comes from thermal power facilities.The majority of imported oil and oil products comes from Saudi Arabia. There is limited potential for biomass for energy since the country is a semi-desert.

There is significant potential for solar energy exploitation as daily insolation levels range between 5.5 and 6.5 kWh/m2 in all areas of the country.  The government intends to use this to ensure economic development. Plans are also in place to use solar energy to power desalination plant to supply the city of Djibouti. It is estimated that about 40,000 m³/ day of salt water will be treated using a hybrid Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) plant.

Djibouti aims to make a power sector transition, moving from 100% fossil thermal in 2010 to 100% renewable electricity sources by 2020. This would be sourced mainly from geothermal, wind and solar, as well as interconnecting with the Ethiopian grid, which is based on hydropower. The largest renewable source in the country is that of geothermal energy, with an estimated potential of 100 MW.

The government is actively developing solar projects considering the solar potential of the country. The country’s first large-scale power plant is being developed with a capacity of 30 MW in the desert region of Grand Bar. The solar station is being developed by French energy company, Engie, which signed a memorandum of understanding with state-owned Électricité de Djibouti. The 30 MW solar plant is part of the first phase of a larger project to construct a 300 MW solar complex.

NFP Details: 

Mr. Mohamed Kileh Wais

Secrétaire Général

Ministry of Energy in charge of Natural Resources 

Tel: (+253) - 21 35 22 08 (+253) - 77 83 26 99 


Photovoltaic Map: 
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 

Electricité de Djibouti (EdD)

EdD is a utility owned and ran by the state, and sole responsible for electricity generation, transmission, and distribution.


Ministère de l'Energie chargé des Ressources Naturelles (MERN)

Under the Office of the President, the MENR is responsible for designing, defining and developing government policy on energy and natural resources. It defines rules, regulations, statutory instruments and legislation for the energy sector including electricity, petroleum products and renewable energy. 


Agence Djiboutienne de Développement Social (ADDS)

Created in 2007 under the Secretary of State for National Solidarity, ADDS is a financially autonomous public legal entity that implements the National Development Initiative for poverty reduction and is responsible for the implementation of rural electrification objectives in areas not covered by the grid. The work on energy component of ADDS is managed by the Directorate for Rural Electrification.


Available in multiple languages: English | French
Legal/Regulatory Document

Base de Données Juridique du CCD

Ce document renseigne sur toutes les Lois, Décrets et Arrêtés relatifs à la production et à la distribution de l'énergie. 

Legal/Regulatory Document

Vision Djibouti 2035

Djibouti 2035 inaugure la première réflexion stratégique sur le long terme réalisée à l’initiative du Gouvernement. Cette nouvelle orientation prend en compte l’exigence de maîtriser le temps, de dépasser les courtes vues pour adopter une démarche de planification du développement guidée par une vision à long terme, en vue de construire l’avenir du pays. 


Chambre de Commerce de Djibouti

The DCC is the institution representing the private sector at the national level. All sectors of economic activity are represented in the deliberative body. It is in this sense that the Chamber also promotes investments in Djibouti and that a section in this site is dedicated to it.

Available in multiple languages: English | French

National Investment Promotion Agency (NIPA)

The NIPA encourages the promotion of investment in Djibouti through a policy of flexibility in investment operations, a modern regulatory framework and procedures. This website provides all necessary information for prospective investors. 

Webpage/Web Article

Power Africa Fact Sheet: Djibouti

The USAID-Power Africa Fact Sheet for Djibouti provides an overview of the energy sector and the engagement of the programm in the country. 

Webpage/Web Article

ADDS Tenders

Webpage from the the Agency of Social Development which lists tenders on energy projects. 


Diesel to Solar Transformation

This report explores the market potential for introducing solar PV into existing off-grid diesel-based energy systems in Djibouti, Egypt, Sudan and Yemen.