The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc. Country-specific information

ISA Infopedia

ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.


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Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is an Spanish speaking country located in the northern Caribbean where the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean meet with an area of about 109,884 km2 and a population of under 11,221,060. Cuba follows socialist principles in organizing its largely state-controlled planned economy. The Government owns and run most of the means of production.

Cuba is currently dependent on imported petroleum-based fuels as its main source of energy with 16.16 billion kWh of electric energy per year and per capita this is an average of 1,407 kWh. Cuba has a high electrification rate, with over 99 % of the population having access to electricity either through the electric grid or distributed generation. The Cuban grid is highly decentralized, with 40 % of generation capacity from distributed generation sources (Panfil, 2017). As part of Cuban government’s Policy for the Development of Renewable Sources and the Efficient Use of Energy, approved in 2014, Cuba seeks to increase the output of renewable energy from its current level of 4 % to 24 % by 2030.

In an analysis by Harry Masters et al, to successfully increase renewable energy production of electricity from approximately 4 % of Cuba’s supply mix to 24 %, the government plans to install 2,144 MW of new renewable generating capacity from four sources: biomass (755 MW), wind (633 MW), solar photovoltaic (700 MW), and small-scale hydroelectric (56 MW). This new capacity development is expected to require between $3.5 to $4.0 billion of capital investment. While more than half of this investment is expected to come directly from the Cuban government, the remaining capital will have to be obtained from external sources. It estimates that roughly $1.1 billion (955 MW) of new capacity will be open to foreign investors.

According to the Ministerio de Energía y Minas of Cuba, the potential of solar radiation in the country is approximately 5 KWh per square meter per day. As at 2018, the total installed capacity for Solar thermal and PV in Cuba is 87.5 MW of power, which reach an electric generation of 60.9 GWh and replace approximately 19 thousand 440 tons of fuel annually.

In Cuba, solar energy is used for several purposes, including drying agricultural produce, irrigation, ICT, and to improve electricity access in rural areas. There are installed 9,164 isolated solar panels in (schools, polyclinics, family doctor's house among others).

In the National Industry there is the Electronic Component Company "Ernesto Che Guevara" from Pinar del Rio that produces photovoltaic panels with an annual production capacity of 15 MWp to service the assembly program of the Photovoltaic Solar Parks. It also manufactures photovoltaic pumping systems, solar battery chargers, lighting systems and other domestic equipment that use the panel as an energy source.

In Solar thermal, 10,595 solar heaters of different technologies are installed, mainly in the tourism sector In the National Industry there is a factory of vacuum tube heaters "RENSOL" of Chinese technology located in Morón Ciego de Ávila, with a production capacity that is currently 18 thousand heaters per year. Currently, 58 parks are under execution for a total capacity of 246.8 MW.

NFP Details: 

Mr. Rosell Guerra Campaña

General Director of Renewable Energy

Ministry of Energy and Mines of Cuba

Tel: +5378775081


Photovoltaic Map: 
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 

Financing Renewable Energy in Cuba

Paper on Financing Renewable Energy of Cuba as per the Government Policy (2018)


Unión Eléctrica (UNE)


UNE garantiza la generación, transmisión, distribución y comercialización de energía eléctrica.


Red Cubana De la Ciencia (RedCien)

RedCien ofrece contenidos y servicios de información concebidos como un espacio de colaboración e interacción con instituciones, científicos y otros profesionales de Cuba y del resto del mundo.


Ministerio de Economía y Planificación (MEP)

El Ministerio de Economía y Planificación es el Organismo encargado de dirigir la aplicación de la política del Estado y el Gobierno en materia de Economía y Planificación.


Ministerio de Energía y Minas (MINEM)

El Ministerio de Energía y Minas se crea como  organismo de la Administración Central del Estado, encargado de proponer, y una vez aprobado, dirigir y controlar las políticas del Estado y el Gobierno en los sectores energético, geológico y minero del país. 

Legal/Regulatory Document

Ley Electrica

La ley electrica define todos los aspectos técnicos, regulatorios y financieros del sector eléctrico en Cuba.

Legal/Regulatory Document


El decreto establece las medidas de control adoptadas por el estado para el servicio eléctrico, la imposición de multas, otras disposiciones legales y regulaciones. 


Ministry of Finance and Prices

Propose the budgetary, treasury and public credit systems to the Council of Ministers; direct and control their execution


Ministry of Economy and Planning

The Ministry of Economy and Planning, in charge of proposing the National Economy Plan to the Government


Solar maps for Cuba

Website showing the solar resource data of Cuba.     

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Journal Article

Revolutionary health care

Case study of health centers electrified by solar PV in Cuba.