The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc. Country-specific information

ISA Infopedia

ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.

Republic of Burundi

0.005 GW

The Republic of Burundi is a landlocked country of 27, 834 km2, located on a plateau in the heart of Africa’s Great Lakes region where East and Central Africa converge. It is one of the smallest countries in Africa with a population of 10.86 million in 2017. Gitega is the capital city and Kirundi, French and English are spoken across the country.

Burundi’s economy is poorly developed. It wasn’t until 2010 that the country returned to its pre-war level of GDP per capita (179 USD) and as of 2018, GDP grew a slow rate of 1.6%. Burundi is a resource-poor country with an underdeveloped manufacturing sector. The economy is predominantly agricultural, accounting for 50% of GDP in 2017 and employing more than 90% of the population.

An equatorial and mountainous country, Burundi benefits from an extremely interesting hydropower potential, coupled with favourable rain conditions and many waterfalls.

Burundi’s total energy consumption is divided between electricity at 1.3%, petroleum products at 2.5%, and biomass at slightly over 95%. The hydropower capacity potential is 1,700 MW, with roughly 300 MW seen as economically viable. A very small percentage of 7% has access to electricity (52.1% urban and 2% rural).

Electricity from hydropower accounts for over 75% of all electricity produced on-grid. Other renewable energy resources play an insignificant role – though there is significant potential for solar, biomass, etc. Wood is consumed mainly for cooking in rural areas and even remains prominent in urban areas. For cooking, the main sources are wood, charcoal and peat. Burundi has a very interesting solar potential. The average annual sunshine fraction in Burundi is close to 2,000 kWh/m2/year, equivalent to the sunniest European regions around the Mediterranean. The wind power potential of Burundi is less than 4.8 m/s and is hard to develop industrial wind turbines. However, Burundi’s varying altitudes, the existence of a lake of substantial size and the topography of the country, could prove to be favorable conditions at certain sites.

Burundi has just begun (since early 2015) to implement elements of supportive policy frameworks to spur renewable energy development. It has adopted legislation and assigned responsible institutions to achieve various targets. There are no supportive legal tools and comprehensive plans related to Feed-in Tariffs, energy efficiency and renewable energy, despite the existence of institutions that have the mandate to implement the legal framework in these areas.

A 7.5 kWc solar PV plant project is currently under construction since 2017. The PV plant, located in the centre of the country (Gitega), is to be connected to the electricity grid operated by national utility, Regideso and is expected to provide a 15% increase in the generation capacity of the national grid. A power purchase agreement of 25 years has been signed between Gigawatt Global, an American-owned Dutch developer, and the national utility, Regideso. This will be the first power plant built in Burundi in nearly 30 years and the largest private sector investment in Burundi in 2017.

NFP Details: 

Mr. Richard Uwimana

Head of Department of Promotion of Renewable Energies

Ministry of Energy and Mines

Tel: +257-68131382 +257-79962801 


Photovoltaic Map: 
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 

Agence Burundaise pour l’Electrification Rurale (ABER)

ABER is a public institution whose main missions are planning, carrying out studies and carrying out projects for electrification of rural centers, villages, health centers, communal colleges, trading centers and certain public infrastructures, such as isolated municipalities of the national electricity grid, with a view to contributing to the improvement of the living conditions of the population.

Available in multiple languages: English | French

Agence de Régulation des secteurs de l’Eau potable, de l’Electricité et des Mines (AREEM)

L'AREEM a pour missions principales d’assurer le développement ordonné et rentable du secteur de l’eau potable et de l’électricité du Burundi, le contrôle , la régulation et le suivi des activités y afférentes ainsi que la mise en œuvre, le suivi et l’application des tarifs dans le respect des principes de tarification fixés par voie réglementaire.


Ministère de l’Energie et des Mines

Le Ministère de l’énergie et des mines à pour missions principales de concevoir et exécuter la politique Nationale en matière d’énergie, de géologie et des Mines ainsi que de concevoir des stratégies de développement durable dans le secteur de l’électricité sur base des besoins des divers secteurs de l’économie nationale. 


Vision Burundi 2025

Vision Burundi 2025 is a planning instrument for ensuring long-term development which will guide the policies and strategies as regards sustainable development. 


Solar mini grids in rural Burundi

Analysis on how to support the use and spread of mini grids in Burundi. 

Webpage/Web Article

Mubuga, Burundi

Case study of a 7.5 MW grid-connected PV project in Mubuga.