The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc. Country-specific information

ISA Infopedia

ISA Countries Catalogue

The ISA Countries section of ISA InfoPedia comprises country-specific pages where ISA Members provide information on news, policies, best practices, tenders etc.

Commonwealth of Australia

9.769 GW

Australia, composed of Australian continent, Tasmania and other small islands, is the sixth largest country in the world with a geographic area of 7.692 million km2. With about 20 % of its area classified as desert, Australia is the driest continent in the world. It has a population of about 25 million with very low population density. Majority of the population is located along the eastern and southeastern coast with a population center around Perth and Albany on the southwestern coast of the country. The GDP in 2017 was 1.81 trillion AUD, roughly 1.32 trillion USD. The CAGR of GDP growth over the last ten years has been 2.6 % in real terms. The primary contributors to GDP are services, construction, and mining industries. The shares of agriculture and manufacturing have declined considerably over the last 15 years.

Australian electricity generation is dependent on fossil fuels – mainly coal, to a large extent. In 2016-17, 63 % of electricity was generated from coal, followed by 20 % from natural gas and 16 % from renewable resources. Renewable energy is dominated by hydro and wind, which together contribute 11 % to electricity generation followed by solar with 3 %.. While the share of coal in electricity generation mix has declined over the last two decades, the share of natural gas and renewables has grown.

Australia receives abundant solar radiation throughout the year, which translates to 9.7 kWh/m2/day of solar resource. Together with its large geographic area Australia has the capacity to meet all its energy needs solely from solar.

As of January 2019, 310 MW of large-scale solar and 7,022 MW of rooftop solar had been installed in the country. The growth in solar installation is driven by adoption of residential rooftop solar systems, which account for over 60 % of the country’s 2.8 million solar installations. Despite the higher availability of solar resource in the north and northwestern region of the country, most of the capacity has been developed in the eastern region on account to higher concentration of population centers along the east coast. Queensland, New South Wales, and Victoria have the highest installed capacity of small scale (<100 kW) solar PV systems. Large growth in small scale installations has been propelled by declining cost of solar panels as well as government incentives such as feed-in tariffs. Australia has a fairly developed renewable energy sector with a number of incentives, policies and schemes targeted towards promotion of solar among residential as well as commercial and industrial sectors. For example, the Renewable Energy Target (RET) scheme provides financial incentives for creation of solar, wind and hydro-electric power plants. The scheme is divided into two components: 1) Large-scale RET for establishment of utility-scale solar, and 2) Small-scale RET that facilitates adoption of solar and other RE resources among residential, small businesses and community-based customers. The goal of Large-scale RET is to achieve 33,000 GWh (23.5 %) of generation from RE resources by 2020. The RET scheme also provides for the creation of certificates akin to RECs that can be traded in the electricity market.

Programmes such as Solar Towns and Solar Communities aim to promote and facilitate adoption of solar PV and solar thermal in communities by providing funding, which would indirectly contribute towards the greenhouse gas reduction target of the country.

NFP Details: 

Ms. Helen Hawke

Department of the Environment and Energy

Australian Government

Tel: +61 (0)2 6275 9820


Photovoltaic Map: 
Global Horizontal Irradiation Map: 
Direct Normal Irradiation Map: 

Reserve Bank of Australia

Statistics and information of monetary policies, interest and lending rates, exchange rates,  inflation, etc.

Legal/Regulatory Document

National Electricity Rules

For the operation of National Electricity Market. Includes network connection, planning and expansion.


Clean Energy Regulator

Clean Energy Regulator collects and publishes data on all solar PV installations in the country that fall under the RET scheme. It is also responsible for tracking the REC registry.


Australian Renewable Energy Mapping Infrastructure

Data and maps on solar irradiation and resources, solar installations, historical observations. Also contains data on conventional generation, transmission lines and substations.


Australian PV Institute (APVI)

APVI is an association of stakeholders that are involved in PV technology, development, manufacturing and research. It has a number of useful resources such as Live Solar PV data, Rooftop Solar Mapping tool, maps of Solar PV status, and market analysis.


Department of Environment and Energy

The Department of Environment and Energy is responsible for the designing, planning and implementation of policies and programs to ensure availability of affordable and reliable energy


Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA)

From research to large-scale deployment, ARENA funding spans the entire innovation chain. ARENA accelerates the affordability of new technologies and build investor confidence in renewable energy projects


Department of Environment and Energy

The department offers a range of funding and investment programs aimed at protecting the environment and heritage, promoting climate action, and providing adequate, reliable and affordable energy


Clean Energy Regulator

It is a government body responsible for administering legislation that will reduce carbon emissions and increase the use of clean energy


Clean Energy Finance Corp (CEFC)

The CEFC is responsible for investing $10 billion in clean energy projects on behalf of the Australian Government. CEFC  helps to  lower Australia's carbon emissions by investing in renewable energy, energy efficiency and low emissions technologies. It also supports innovative start-up companies through the Clean Energy Innovation Fund


IRENA RE Resource

IRENA website for renewable energy resources in Australia



Data on generation, load, ancillary services, metering, network and market management


Solar GIS

Website for solar resource in Australia


Renewables interactive map and database

The AREMI website provides access to renewable energy and general information which has been provided by various third party data custodians and is focused on supporting developers, financiers and policy makers in evaluating spatial renewable energy information


Energy and Electricity Statistics

Source of energy statistics for Australia and forms the basis of Australia’s international reporting obligations. The dataset is accompanied by the Australian Energy Update report, which contains an overview and analysis of the latest trends.


Buying for Victoria

Lists all tenders for Victoria. 


Australian Capital Territory Tenders

The  ACT Government’s e-tendering system offers a central point to find publicly available business opportunities.